Numerous laws – including the Green New Deal – have been proposed or passed in cities, states, and countries to transition from fossil fuels to 100% clean, renewable energy in order to address climate change, air pollution, and energy insecurity. This textbook lays out the science, technology, economics, policy, and social aspects of such transitions. It discusses the renewable electricity and heat generating technologies needed; the electricity, heat, cold, and hydrogen storage technologies required; how to keep the electric power grid stable; and how to address non-energy sources of emissions. It discusses the history of the 100% Movement, which evolved from a collaboration among scientists, cultural leaders, business people, and community leaders. Finally, it discusses current progress in transitioning to 100% renewables, and the new policies needed to complete the transition. Online course supplements include lecture slides, answers to the end-of-chapter student exercises, and a list of extra resources.
1. What problems are we trying to solve?
2. Wind-water-solar (WWS) and storage solution
3. Technologies not needed or not helpful
4. Electricity basics
5. Photovoltaics and solar radiation
6. Onshore and offshore wind energy
7. Steps in developing 100 percent all-sector WWS and storage roadmaps
8. Matching electricity, heat, cold, and hydrogen demand continuously with 100 percent WWS supply, storage, and demand response
9. Evolution of the 100 percent movement and policies needed for a WWS solution
Glossary of acronyms
Mark Z. Jacobson is Director of the Atmosphere/Energy Program and Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Stanford University. He is also a Senior Fellow of the Woods Institute for the Environment and of the Precourt Institute for Energy. He received a B.S. in Civil Engineering, an A.B. in Economics, and an M.S. in Environmental Engineering from Stanford in 1988. He received an M.S. and PhD in Atmospheric Sciences in 1991 and 1994, respectively, from UCLA and joined the faculty at Stanford in 1994. He has published three textbooks and over 160 peer-reviewed journal articles. He received the 2005 American Meteorological Society Henry G. Houghton Award and the 2013 American Geophysical Union Ascent Award for his work on black carbon climate impacts and the 2013 Global Green Policy Design Award for developing state and country energy plans. In 2015, he received a Cozzarelli Prize from the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences for his work on the grid integration of 100% wind, water and solar energy systems. In 2018, he received the Judi Friedman Lifetime Achievement Award “For a distinguished career dedicated to finding solutions to large-scale air pollution and climate problems”. In 2019, he was selected as “one of the world's 100 most influential people in climate policy” by Apolitical. He has served on an advisory committee to the U.S. Secretary of Energy, appeared in a TED talk, appeared on the David Letterman Show to discuss converting the world to clean energy, and cofounded The Solutions Project. His work is the scientific basis of the energy portion of the U.S. Green New Deal and laws to go to 100% renewable energy in cities, states, and countries worldwide.
"A great book! Finally a textbook is available that clearly explains all aspects of a full supply of renewable energy. It shows why problems of air pollution and global warming can be solved by using renewable energies. It explains very clearly all aspects of a secure and climate-friendly full supply of renewable energies using comprehensive scientific facts and clear practical examples. It should be used as a standard textbook in all worldwide energy economics lectures worldwide! It is highly relevant not only for students but for all those interested in energy economics in times of unsolved challenges caused by climate change and pollution. A book that everyone should have read!"
– Professor Claudia Kemfert, German Institute for Economic Research
"Engineering professors of the world: are you teaching a course on climate change, or planning one? If you are, this is the textbook you should be adopting. Civil, mechanical, electrical, materials, chemical engineering aspects of the energy transition are exhaustively addressed. And this book has soul: today's engineering student feels the need to do something about climate change, and this book empowers them."
– Anthony R. Ingraffea, Cornell University, New York
"Mark Jacobson's new book, 100% Clean, Renewable Energy and Storage for Everything, provides the most authoritative look yet at the future of energy beyond fossil fuels. The text is clearly written, authoritative, and thoroughly referenced. This will make a great text book for courses on energy and climate change, but is also a must read for all of us interested in the transition to a renewable future."
– Robert W. Howarth, Cornell University, New York
"The world's major crises need radical and comprehensive solutions, with 100% clean renewable energy systems at the core of any health, climate, peace or prosperity plan. Marc Z. Jacobsen shows in a brilliant and scientifically profound way why such a worldwide transformation is necessary and how it can be realized. A powerful work that leaves no more excuses for political inaction."
– Hans-Josef Fell, Former German Parliamentarian and founder of German solar tariffs
"Professor Jacobson's work on the possibilities for renewable energy have opened eyes around the globe. Where people once saw barriers, increasingly they see possibilities and openings, and this book consolidates that new understanding."
– Bill McKibben, Middlebury College, Vermont
"Mark Jacobson shines a bright light illuminating the path forward, painstakingly detailing – with numbers and facts – how we can decarbonize our energy infrastructure, take action on climate, create a cleaner environment and sustain a healthy, green economy. At a time when there is far too much doom and gloom over our prospects for averting climate catastrophe, read this book, take action and be part of the battle to preserve a healthy, livable planet."
– Michael E. Mann, Penn State University