The genus Pseudombrophila (Pyronemataceae, Pezizales) is described and discussed. The genus is divided into two sections: Pseudombrophila and Nannfeldtiella. Nineteen species are distinguished in section Pseudombrophila and nine in section Nannfeldtiella, on a world basis. Four species have been newly described and seventeen new combinations were necessary under Pseudombrophila. The names of excluded and insufficiently known taxa are discussed in an appendix. Svrcekomyces pallidus is redescribed and referred to the genus Leucoscypha.