Investigates how the developments in biotechnology have affected the communities in the third world which may lack the necessary financial strength and technological infrastructure.
Scientific evolution and definition of biotechnology: generations of biotechnology, recent developments and scope of use. Salient features of biotechnology growth in industrialized countries: sectors of applications; organization of the industry; geographical distribution of biotechnology activity; business performance, costs and prices; sources of business finance. Implications for developing countries: domestic financial constraints in developing countries; access to foreign finance; a possible biotechnology priority for developing countries - diagnostic products; the place of the diagnostics industry in the biotechnology industrial sequence. Appendices: patents and intellectual property rights; DNA hybridization probe technology; problems and prospects of applying biotechnology to agriculture in developing countries - highlights; subunit and anti-id vaccines; monoclonal antibodies as therapeutics - past problems and recent technical advances.