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The aim of this edited volume is to introduce the scientific community to paleoenvironmental studies of estuaries, to highlight the types of information that can be obtained from such studies, and to promote the use of paleoenvironmental studies in estuarine management. Readers will learn about the the application of different paleoecological approaches used in estuaries that develop our understanding of their response to natural and human influences. Particular attention is given to the essential steps required for undertaking a paleoecological study, in particular with regard to site selection, core extraction and chronological techniques, followed by the range of indicators that can be used. A series of case studies are discussed in the book to demonstrate how paleoecological studies can be used to address key questions, and to sustainably manage these important coastal environments in the future. Applications of Paleoenvironmental Techniques in Estuarine Studies will appeal to professional scientists interested in estuarine studies and/or paleoenvironmental research, as well as estuarine managers who are interested in the incorporation of paleoenvironmental research into their management programs.
- Introduction to the Application of Palaeoecological Techniques in Estuaries
Part I Estuaries and their Management
- Estuary Form and Function: Implications for Palaeoecological Studies
- Geology and Sedimentary History of Modern Estuaries
- Palaeoecological Evidence for Variability and Change in Estuaries: Insights for Management
Part II Coring and Dating of Estuarine Sediments
- Sediment Sampling in Estuaries - Site Selection and Sampling Techniques
- Some Practical Considerations Regarding the Application of 210Pb and 137Cs Dating to Estuarine Sediments
- Radiocarbon Dating in Estuarine Environments
Part III Techniques for Palaeoenvironmental Reconstructions in Estuaries
- Lipid Biomarkers as Organic Geochemical Proxies for the Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction of Estuarine Environments
- C/N ratios and Carbon Isotope Composition of Organic Matter in Estuarine Environments
- Physical and Chemical Factors to Consider when Studying Historical Contamination and Pollution in Estuaries
- Diatoms as Indicators of Environmental Change in Estuaries
- Dinoflagellate Cysts as Proxies for Holocene Environmental Change in Estuaries: Diversity, Abundance and Morphology
- Applications of Foraminifera, Testate Amoebae and Tintinnids in Estuarine Palaeoecology
- Ostracods as Recorders of Palaeoenvironmental Change in Estuaries
- Application of Molluscan Analyses to the Reconstruction of Past Environmental Conditions in Estuaries
- Corals in Estuarine Environments: Their Response to Environmental Changes and Application in Reconstructing Past Environmental Variability
- Inferring Environmental Change in Estuaries from Plant Macrofossils
- Applications of Pollen Analysis in Estuarine Systems
Part IV Case Studies
- Palaeo-Environmental Approaches to Reconstructing Sea Level Changes in Estuaries
- Paleoecology Studies in Chesapeake Bay: A Model System for Understanding Interactions between Climate, Anthropogenic Activities and the Environment
- Paleosalinity Changes in the Rio de la Plata Estuary and on the Adjacent Uruguayan Continental Shelf over the Past 1,200 Years: An Approach Using Diatoms as a Proxy
- Application of Paleoecology to Ecosystem Restoration: A Case Study from South Florida's Estuaries
- Paleolimnological History of The Coorong: Identifying the Natural Ecological Character of a Ramsar Wetland in Crisis
- Palaeoenvironmental History of the Baltic Sea - One of the Largest Brackish-water Ecosystems in the World
Dr Kaarina Weckström is a Senior Researcher at the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland and an Adjunct Professor at the Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki. Her research focuses on the reconstruction of past climate and environments using sediment proxy records. She has a special interest in proxy evaluation and development.
Dr Krystyna Saunders is a Senior Research Scientist at the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation. She specializes in the study of past climates and ecosystems using lake and estuarine sediments.
Peter Gell is Professor of Environmental Science at the Water Research Network, Faculty of Science and Technology, Federation University Australia. His research interests include short term palaeoecology to establish environmental baselines; wetland and stream water quality biomonitoring; climate change and its impact on water as a natural resource, and diatoms and birds as indicators of ecosystem health.
Greg Skilbeck is a sedimentary geologist and geological oceanographer with over twenty five years of experience in the collection and interpretation of palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimatic data from sediment cores. He has participated in several oceanographic research cruises including two ODP Legs. Dr Skilbeck has been at the University of Technology Sydney since 1987 and is currently Professor of Earth Sciences in the School of Life Sciences.