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Atlas of Comparative Invertebrate Embryology, Volume 4: Echinodermata I (Crinoidea, Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea)

Series: Atlas of Comparative Invertebrate Embryology Volume: 4

By: Martin EL Scriba(Author)

168 pages, 3 colour photos, 143 b/w line drawings

Verlag Friedrich Pfeil

Paperback | Mar 2015 | #222692 | ISBN-13: 9783899371871
Availability: Usually dispatched within 6 days Details
NHBS Price: £42.50 $56/€48 approx

About this book

The Atlas of Comparative Invertebrate Embryology has two aims. Firstly, it describes embryonic development or ontogeny of several species within a phylum. Secondly, by comparing the different ontogenies this collection supplies a basis for phylogenetic reflections about phylum-level relationships in lower Metazoa. Diversity of ontogenies, embryos and larvae can be an important source for well-founded phylogenetic theories. Like comparative morphology and anatomy, comparative embryology plays a central role for the analysis of evolution.

The Atlas of Comparative Invertebrate Embryology presents a wealth of embryonic and larval developmental processes to emphasize the great variety of ontogenies in the animal kingdom. Like the adult organisms, larvae are also of an enormous diversity owing to the varied requirements of their environment. Within a phylum, embryonic and larval development may be uniform to a large degree, but also deviations are known. In comparing the different ontogenies of an animal phylum, embryologists try to find out the common ancestor and to reconstruct the phylogeny of the group.

Establishing a phylogenetic system of the animal kingdom on the basis of comparative embryology requires a sound theory to integrate far reaching steps in evolution of the animal phyla. Two theories, which are founded in simple events that equally occur in many embryonic developmental courses of different phyla, are the Gastraea–theory of Haeckel (1874) and the Archicoelomata–theory of Masterman (1898). In the Atlas of Comparative Invertebrate Embryology, the phylogenetic system proposed by comparison of the different ontogenies is based on these two theories.

The atlas offers a broad view about the diversity of embryos and larvae and may be useful in looking for a suitable species of special interest. Naturally, an exhaustive description of all ontogenies of animals is impossible. Ontogenies of well known species and detailed research work of their embryos have been chosen. Besides this, embryological research work of some Metazoan phyla is incomplete. Our knowledge of the ontogeny of animals is mainly founded on the classical investigations between 1860 and 1960. In the Atlas of Comparative Invertebrate Embryology, in the chapters concerning phylogenetic interrelationships of phyla, results of studies on morphological or biochemical composition of structures of the adults and of modern gene sequence data may be included into discussion.


Phylum Echinodermata 7
Class Crinoidea 7
   O. Isocrinida 8
   Metacrinus rotundus (CARPENTER) 8
   O. Comatulida 9
   Oxycomanthus japonicus (MÜLLER) 9
   Antedon mediterranea (LAMARCK) 13
   Tropiometra carinata (Lamarck) 18
   Compsometra serrata (A. H. CLARK) 22
   Isometra vivipara (MORTENSEN) 24
   Notocrinus virilis (MORTENSEN) 26
   Florometra serratissima (A. H. CLARK) 28
   Summary of Embryonic Development in Crinoidea 31
   Brooding, cleavage type, coelomogenesis, and organ differentiation 31
   Larval types and metamorphosis 31
   Class level relationship 32
   Literature 32
Class Asteroidea 33
   O. Paxillosida 34
   Astropecten aranciacus (LINNÉ) 34
   Astropecten irregularis (LINCK) 42
   Astropecten scoparius (VALENCIENNES) 43
   Astropecten latespinosus (MEISSNER) 46
   Astropecten gisselbrechti (DÖDERLEIN) 47
   Luidia quinaria (VON MARTENS) 49
   O. Valvatida 52
   Asterina pectinifera (MÜLLER & TROSCHEL) 52
   Asterina gibbosa (PENNANT) 54
   Asterina batheri (GOTO) 65
   Asterina minor (HAYASHI) 69
   Asterina pseudoexigua pacifica (HAYASHI) 72
   Porania pulvillus (O. F. MÜLLER) 72
   Odontaster validus (KOEHLER) 76
   Acanthaster planci (LINNÉ) 77
   Archaster typicus (MÜLLER & TROSCHEL) 78
   Patiriella regularis (VERRILL) 80
   Patiriella pseudoexigua (DARTNALL) 83
   Patiriella exigua (LAMARCK) 84
   Patiriella vivipara (DARTNALL) 89
   O. Velatida 89
   Solaster endeca (FORBES) 89
   Crossaster papposus (MÜLLER & TROSCHEL) 94
   Pteraster tesselatus (YVES) 98
   O. Spinulosida 103
   Henricia sanguinolenta (MÜLLER) 103
   Echinaster echinophorus (LAMARCK) 107
   O. Forcipulatida 109
   Asterias vulgaris (PACKARD) 109
   Asterias rubens (LINNÉ) 111
   Leptasterias hexactis (STIMPSON) 118
   Stichaster australis (VERRILL) 123
   Summary of Embryonic Development in Asteroidea 126
   Brooding, cleavage type, coelomogenesis, and organ formation 126
   Larval types of asteroids 126
   Metamorphosis 127
   Asteroid larval types and evolutionary interpretation 127
   Class level relationship of asteroids 128
   Literature 128
Class Ophiuroidea 130
   O. Phrynophiurida 131
   Ophiomyxa brevirima (H. L. CLARK) 131
   Gorgonocephalus eucnemis (MÜLLER & TROSCHEL) 131
   O. Ophiurida 132
   Ophiolepis elegans (LÜTKEN) 132
   Ophiocoma nigra (ABILDGAARD) 133
   Ophiocoma pumila (LÜTKEN) 137
   Ophioderma brevispina (SAY) 138
   Ophioderma longicauda (RETZIUS) 143
   Ophionereis annulata (LE CONTE) 145
   Amphiura chiajei (FORBES) 145
   Amphipholis kochii (LÜTKEN) 146
   Amphipholis japonica (MATSUMOTO) 148
   Amphipholis squamata (DELLE CHIAJE) 150
   Amphioplus abditus (VERRILL) 153
   Ophiothrix fragilis (ABILDGAARD) 154
   Ophiothrix suensoni (LÜTKEN) 158
   Ophiothrix oerstedi (LÜTKEN) 158
   Ophioplutei 160
   Summary of Embryonic Development in Ophiuroidea 165
   Brooding, cleavage type, coelomogenesis, and organ formation 165
   Larval types in ophiuroids 165
   Metamorphosis 166
   Ophiuroid larval types and evolutionary interpretation 166
   Literature 167
Glossary 168

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