Sustainable energy production and a supply of good quality water are two major challenges facing modern societies today and for decades ahead. In this context, renewable biomass presents both a sustainable energy source and an alternative to expensive water treatment technologies. Biomass for Sustainable Applications gives an overview of the various ways to valorize biomass for energy production as well as for pollution treatment of contaminated soils and waste waters. It focuses on the fact that we could produce renewable energy from biomass without using corn, sugarcane or colza oil, but lignocelluloses, bacteria and algae instead. Furthermore, water or soil pollution can be treated using algae and fungi. Biomass for Sustainable Applications guides the reader to identifying the local bioresources which could be valorized and chosen for the remediation of a pollution-related problem or a response to an energetic need.
- Bacteria for bioenergy: Microbial Fuel Cells
- Bacteria for bioenergy: Biomethanisation
- Plantae and marine biomass for biofuels
- Plantae and marine biomass derived porous materials for electrochemical energy storage
- Biomass-based renewable energy systems
- Plantae and marine biomass for water treatment
- Plantae and marine biomass for soil treatment: Phytoremediation
- Microorganisms for water treatment
- Microorganisms for soil treatment
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Sarra Gaspard, Ph.D., is Professor in chemistry and Vice-Dean of the Exact and Natural Sciences Faculty at the University of the West-Indies and French Guyana. She graduated from the University Orsay Paris XI, France, with a PhD in Bioinorganic chemistry (1993). She has 20 years of experience in bioprocess engineering, especially on the use of biological systems such as bacteria and enzymes for degradation of chemicals and the interactions between activated carbons and pollutants. Her research works deals on adsorption in aqueous phases with activated carbon or biopolymers, enzyme characterization and metabolism and environmental microbiology, preparation of activated carbons for supercapacitors.
Mohamed Chaker Ncibi, Eng., Ph.D., is a Research Assistant in the Chemical and Environmental program at the University of the West-Indies and French Guyana (French West-Indies). His field of expertise is the industrial valorisation of biomass and derived materials for water treatment and bioenergy production, with a special interest in transferring the lab-scale finding to the industrial level. His main accomplishments are the elaboration of a wastewater treatment process based on the adsorption capacities of local Mediterranean bioresources to treat dyes and phenol-loaded effluents. The production of bioethanol and biodiesel from local biomasses and agricultural wastes are also among his research themes. Currently, his is focusing on the pesticides-related contamination, always considering the biomass as the sustainable solution to remediate water and soil pollution threats.