About this book
Featuring contributions from leading experts in the field, Climate Change and Managed Ecosystems examines the effects of global climate change on intensively constructed or reconstructed ecosystems, focusing on land use changes in relation to forestry, agriculture, and wetlands including peatlands. The book begins by discussing the fragility of ecosystems in the face of changing climates, particularly through human caused increases in atmospheric GHGs. The chapters delineate how and why the climate has changed and what can be expected to occur in the foreseeable future. They identify the potential adaptation responses to reduce the impacts of a changing climate.
The book presents an overview of how economic reasoning can be applied to climate change and illustrates how terrestrial carbon-uptake credits (offset credits) operate within the Kyoto Protocol framework. By identifying gaps in the current understanding of adaptation of mitigation strategies, the book underscores the need to make management of these ecosystems part of a global solution.
CLIMATE CHANGE AND ECOSYSTEMSInteraction between Climate Change and Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Managed Ecosystems in Canada, J.S. Bhatti, M.J. Apps, and R. LalThe Science of Changing Climates, H. HengeveldImpact of Climate Change on Agriculture, Forestry, and Wetlands, L.D. MortschMANAGED ECOSYSTEMS - STATE OF KNOWLEDGEAnthropogenic Changes and the Global Carbon Cycle, J.S. Bhatti, M.J. Apps, and R. LalPlant/Soil Interface and Climate Change: Carbon Sequestration from the Production Perspective, G. HoogenboomCarbon Dynamics in Agricultural Soils, R. LalPlant Species Diversity: Management Implications for TemperatePasture Production, M.A. SandersonNet Ecosystem Carbon Dioxide Exchange over a Temperate, Short-Season Grassland: Transition from Cereal to Perennial Forage, V.S. Baron, D.G. Young, W.A. Dugas, P.C. Mielnick, C. La Bine, R.H. Skinner, and J. CassonForests in the Global Carbon Cycle: Implications of Climate Change, M.J. Apps, P. Bernier, and J.S. BhattiPeatlands: Canada's Past and Future Carbon Legacy, D.H. VittLinking Biomass Energy to Biosphere Greenhouse Gas Management, D.B. Layzell and J. StephenRuminant Contributions to Methane and Global Warming - ANew Zealand Perspective, G.C. Waghorn and S.L. WoodwardStrategies for Reducing Enteric Methane Emissions in Forage-Based Beef Production Systems, K.H. Ominski and K.M. WittenbergMitigating Environmental Pollution from Swine Production, A.L. Sutton, B.T. Richert, and B.C. JoernDiet Manipulation to Control Odor and Gas Emissions from Swine Production, O.G. Clark, S. Moehn, J.D. Price, Y. Zhang, W.C. Sauer, B. Morin, J.J. Feddes, J.J. Leonard, J.K.A. Atakora, R.T. Zijlstra, I. Edeogu, and R.O. BallKNOWLEDGE GAPS AND CHALLENGESIdentifying and Addressing Knowledge Gaps and Challenges Involving Greenhouse Gases in Agriculture Systems under Climate Change, D. Burton and J. Sauv?Knowledge Gaps and Challenges in Forest Ecosystems under Climate Change: A Look at the Temperate and Boreal Forests of North America, P.Y. Bernier and M.J. AppsKnowledge Gaps and Challenges in Wetlands under Climate Change in Canada, B.G. Warner and T. AsadaECONOMICS AND POLICY ISSUESEconomics of Forest and Agricultural Carbon Sinks, G. Cornelis van KootenSUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONSImpacts of Climate Change on Agriculture, Forest, and Wetland Ecosystems: Synthesis and Summary, J.M.R. Stone, J.S. Bhatti, and R. LalClimate Change and Terrestrial Ecosystem Management: Knowledge Gaps and Research Needs, I.E. Bauer, M.J. Apps, J.S. Bhatti, and R. Lal