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About this book
About this book
Over the past 100 years in particular, there has been a steady process by which natural resources (such as ground water, forests, fishing grounds and grazing land) have been increasingly managed by centralized institutions. Governments and other national agencies have argued that this promotes efficiency, equity, and other wide national goals. Recently this orthodoxy has been challenged by rising numbers of experiments that show how centralized management tends to fail. Global, national and local goals are more likely to be met, at lower cost and with other benefits (such as promoting better democratic institutions) by involving local populations in collaborative management agreements. This volume, based on detailed case studies from around the world, subjects some of these experiments to critical study, and suggests limits to the participative approach as well as ways it can be improved and made suitable for new contexts.
List of Tables - List of Figures - Preface and Acknowledgements - Notes on the Contributors - Introduction; R.Jeffery & B.Vira - PART I: WHERE LOCAL CONFLICTS OVER RESOURCE USE MAKE PARTICIPATION UNLIKELY - Conflict Management and Mobility Among Pastoralists in Karamoja, Uganda; M.Niamir-Fuller - The Social Context of Environmental Education: The Case of the Amboseli Ecosystem, Kajiado; K.Ngeta - PART II: LOCAL-LEVEL PROJECTS ATTEWMPTING TO OVERCOME UNSUPPORTIVE NATIONAL CONTEXTS - Addressing Livelihood Issues in Conservation Orientated Projects: A Case Study of Pulicat Lake, Tamil Nadu, India; D.Panini - Land Husbandry for Sustainable Agricultural Development in a Subsistence Farming Area of Malawi: Farmer Adoption of Introduced Techniques; M.Kelly - PART III: LEARNING FROM SUCCESS: WHERE NATIONAL POLICIES ARE SUUPORTIVE, BUT PARTICIPATIVE ACTION IS NOVEL - Local Management of Sahelian Forests: P.Kerkhof - Campfire: Tonga Cosmovision and Indigenous Knowledge; B.Sibanda - Problems Of Intra and Inter-Group Equity in Community Forestry: Evidence from the Terai Region of Nepal; R.N.Chakraborty - Benefits to Villagers in Maharashtra, India, from Conjunctive Use of Water Resources; F.Simpson & G.Sohani - PART IV: LEARNING FROM SUCCESS: SUPPORTIVE NATIONAL POLICIES AND LOCAL INITIATIVES - Creating New Knowledge for Soil and Water Conservation in Bolivia; A.Lawrence - Devolution of Decisionmaking: Lessons from Community Forest Management at the Kilum-Ijim Forest Project, Cameroon; D.Thomas, A.Gardner & J.DeMarco - Changing Natural Resource Research and Development Capability: Whither Social Capital?; S.Biggs, H.Matsaert & A.Martin - References - Index
ROGER JEFFERY is Professor of Sociology at the University of Edinburgh. Previously publications include (with Patricia Jeffery) The Political of Health in India, and Population, Gender and Politics. - BHASKAR VIRA is Assistant Lecturer in Environment and Development, Department of Geography, and a Fellow of Fitzwilliam College, at the University of Cambridge. Previous publications include Institutional Pluralism in Forestry: Considerations of Analytical and Operational Tools and Implementing Joint Forest Management in the Field: Towards an Understanding of the Community-Bureaucracy Interface.