Reprint of a 1988 publication. This easy-to-read handbook provides a comprehensive review of the knowledge on lichens. The structure of lichens and their dual nature is explained, as well as the physiology of interaction of the symbionts. The way lichens reproduce and their ecology is included, with methods for cultivating them and their isolated symbionts. Extremely useful as a text of lichenology, this handbook will benefit students of lichenology and allied fields, those interested in symbiotic associations and ecology, and teachers of biology, botany, and ecology courses.
1. The True Nature of Lichens - A Historical Survey
2A. The Fungal Partner
2B. The Algal Partner
3 The Lichen Thallus
4. The Fungus-Alga Relation
5A. Asci, Ascospores, and Ascomata
5B. Conidiomata, Conidiogenesis, and Conidia
6A Carbon Metabolism
6B Nitrogen Metabolism
Until her death Margalith Galun was Professor Emeritus at the Department of Plant Sciences of Tel-Aviv University.