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Academic & Professional Books  Mammals  Insectivores to Ungulates  Rodents

Der Goldhamster (Golden Hamster) Mesocricetus auratus

Monograph
By: Rolf Kittel(Author)
62 pages, 38 b/w photos, b/w illustrations, and b/w maps; tables
Der Goldhamster (Golden Hamster)
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  • Der Goldhamster (Golden Hamster) ISBN: 9783894321604 Edition: 12 Paperback Dec 1986 In stock
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About this book

Language: German

In 1839, Waterhouse found the first golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) north of the old city of Haleb in Syria. Kept in spirit, this animal was the only evidence for the existence of the species for almost 100 years. In 1930, Aharoni succeeded in digging out a nest with living golden hamsters and was able to take three of the animals home alive. They raised a few hundred offspring in one year, and these were sent to Europe and America.

The three animals are the ancestral parents of all the golden hamsters living in the world, and it is estimated that 100,000 animals are currently being bred in the world's laboratories. How many are held as pets is hard to estimate. On the plateau near Haleb, some wild hamsters have recently caught again, but there are no indications of their whereabouts.

The little rodent is very similar in its way of life to Europe's local hamster. First and foremost, as a medical laboratory animal, it has become very important. Its great fertility – it is the fastest multiplying mammal – in addition to its ease of nutrition and adaptability, has made it particularly suitable for laboratory breeding.

The book gives an overview of the biology of the animal and its use as a test animal, but also goes into the husbandry and care, in order to give the many amateur breeders and pet owners a introductory guide.

Summary in German:
Nördlich der alten Stadt Haleb in Syrien fand Waterhouse 1839 die ersten Goldhamster. Diese in Spiritus aufbewahrten Tiere waren fast 100 Jahre der einzige Beweis für das Vorhandensein der Art. 1930 gelang es Aharoni, einen Bau mit lebenden Goldhamstern auszugraben, drei der Tiere konnte er lebend mit nach Haus nehmen. Sie züchteten in einem Jahr einige hundert Nachkommen, und diese wurden nach Europa und Amerika gesandt.

Die drei Tiere sind so die Stammeltern aller auf der Welt lebenden Goldhamster, man schätzt, daß zur Zeit in den Laboratorien der Welt 100.000 Tiere gezüchtet werden. Wie viele es in den Liebhaberzuchten sind, ist nicht zu schätzen. Auf der Hochebene bei Haleb wurden in neuerer Zeit einige Wildtiere wieder gefangen, über deren Verbleib jedoch Hinweise fehlen.

Das kleine Nagetier ist in seiner Lebensweise unserem heimischen Hamster sehr ähnlich. Vor allen Dingen als medizinisches Versuchstier hat es sehr große Bedeutung gewonnen. Seine große Fruchtbarkeit – es ist das sich am schnellsten vermehrende Säugetier – hat es neben seiner Anspruchslosigkeit an die Ernährung und Anpassungsfähigkeit als besonders für Laborzuchten geeignet gemacht.

Der Band gibt einen Überblick über die Biologie des Tieres und seine Verwendung als Versuchstier, geht aber auch auf die Haltung und Pflege ein, um den vielen Liebhaberzüchtern eine kleine Anleitung in die Hand zu geben.

Customer Reviews

Monograph
By: Rolf Kittel(Author)
62 pages, 38 b/w photos, b/w illustrations, and b/w maps; tables
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