In this book is summarized those management principles that should be valid in areas where forests continuously are used for production, where biodiversity aspects are important as well as economy and productivity, and where demands on soil status and water quality are set. Especially the very long-term aspects are emphasized, and it is shown how system model thinking is used to reach the goals. Biogeochemical aspects are put forward as they are very important in areas on poor bedrock with acid soils. Forest vitality and stress on trees are treated, as well as the importance of wildlife and their effects of browsing. The balance between social and recreational demands from the society and the economical needs of the landowner is of great concern. Experiences from a special area in South Sweden are presented.
1. Introduction to the SUFOR programme. 2. On Swedish forests. 3. Defining sustainability. 4. Principles of sustainable forest management. 5. Integrated modelling. 6. Models of the risk of windthrow and frost. 7. Biogeochemical processes and mechanisms. 8. Forest vitality and stress implications. 9. Biodiversity in sustainable forestry. 10. Forests, acidification and the socio-economic cost. 11. Assessing effects of wildlife on forestry. 12. Sustainability in spruce and mixed-species stands. 13. Productivity scenarios for the Asa Forest Park. 14. Assessment of sustainability in the Asa Forest Park. 15. Nutrient sustainability for Swedish forests. 16. General conclusions. 17. References.