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About this book
About this book
Considering the ecology of bivalves from an ecosystem view, this book explores the potential use of bivalves as indicators and monitors of ecosystem health and describes experiments from the perspective of computer simulations, mesocosm studies, and field manipulation experiments. The second edition discusses major new developments, including phase shifts in many coastal and estuarine ecosystems dominated by suspension-feeding bivalves, the invasion or introduction of alien bivalve species, the rapid growth of environmental restoration focused on bivalves, and the examination of past geological time with regard to global climate change and its impact on bivalve dominated systems.
INTRODUCTION Ecosystem Perspective and Bivalve MolluscsEvolutionary HistoryEcosystemsReferencesSUPPORTING PROCESSESPhysical Environmental InteractionsIntroductionTemperatureSalinityTemperature-Salinity and Other Factor CombinationsWater MovementTidesSedimentsReferencesOrganismic Level ProcessesIntroductionFeedingFilter FeedingDeposit FeedingShipwormsSymbiotic NutritionReferencesPopulation ProcessesIntroductionLife CycleStatistical Measures of PopulationsDensityReproductionPopulation GrowthBivalves as Open or MetapopulationsLife and Fecundity TablesMortalityAbiotic MortalityPredationCompetition-Induced MortalityAggreggated DistributionsZonationDiseases and ParasitesPopulation Energy BudgetsReferencesECOSYSTEM PROCESSESGrazingIntroductionMethods Used to Estimate System GrazingUpstream-Downstream ObservationsEcosystem Grazing EstimatesEcosystem ComparisonsReferencesSystem Metabolism and Nutrient CyclingSystem MetabolismNutrient CyclingConclusionsReferencesModels, Experimental Ecosystems, and Field ManipulationsIntroductionModelsModel FormationModel AnalysisReferencesBivalves as Components of Ecosystem HealthIntroductionBivalves as MonitorsBivalves as IntegratorsBivalve ResponsesConclusionsReferencesSYNTHESIS AND CONCLUSIONSConclusionsKeystone SpeciesEcoststem EngineersEcosystem Level Roles of BivalvesEcosystem IssuesSynthesisReferencesINDEX
Richard F. Dame, Ph.D., is Distinguished Palmetto Professor Emeritus of Marine Science at Coastal Carolina University in South Carolina. Dr. Dame received his B.S. degree from the College of Charleston, South Carolina in 1964. He obtained his M.A. degree from the University of North Carolina in 1967 and his Ph.D. degree from the University of South Carolina in 1971. He was a founding member of the Marine Science Program (1971-2006) at CCU. During the same time frame he was a very active research associate of the Belle W. Baruch Institute for Marine Biology and Coastal Research, University of South Carolina. He has served as the external member on numerous Ph.D. candidate committees in the United States and Europe. In addition to these academic activities, he served a two-year tour as the Ecosystems Program Director at the National Science Foundation. In recognition of his achievements he is listed in Who's Who in America and Who's Who in the World. Dr. Dame is an active scholar in the area of coastal and estuarine ecosystems. He is currently a review editor for the leading marine ecological journal, Marine Ecology Progress Series. The majority of his work has been funded by the National Science Foundation.