In Tococa (Melastomataceae), the author puts the spotlight on this Neotropical genus. While mostly woody shrubs and small trees and occasionally climbing or creeping vines, Tococa has been the subject of great ecological interest due to the presence of ant domatia. In spite of this interest, the last complete revision of the genus was published over 100 years ago.
In total, 45 species are recognized in Tococa (Melastomataceae) including descriptions for two poorly known taxa. Most of the descriptions are based on filed observations and fresh and fresh and liquid material complemented by the study of over 3000 herbarium specimens.