Forest tree breeding has been ongoing for more than 70 years across Europe. It has has successfully generated improved varieties for the major economical forest tree species. They are part of the present European forestry landscape and largely contribute to intensive wood production and other forest activities. In Forest Tree Breeding in Europe, we describe the state-of-art of breeding for the main forest tree species. We provide a comprehensive, unique and up-to-date overview of the major scientific results and breeding achievements gathered from the many programmes scattered across Europe. Forest Tree Breeding in Europe is divided into 10 chapters, each as a monograph corresponding to a species or group of species. Each monograph is written by a group of experts and focuses on the distribution and economical importance of the species; motivation for breeding and breeding objectives; intraspecific genetic variability, breeding populations and breeding strategy; forest reproductive material deployment including mass-propagation and, prospects and perspectives for joint research and breeding.
1. Introduction L.E.Paques P
Part I: Breeding of Confires
2. Larches (Larix sp.) L.E. Paques, E. Foffova, B. Heinze, M.A. Lelu-Walter, M. Liesebach, G. Philippe Introduction The Starting Point: Description of the Geographical Organization of Genetic Diversity Larch Breeding Today European-Wide Breeding Perspectives
3. Norway Spruce (Picea abies (L.) H.Karst.) G. Jansson, D. Danusevicius, H. Grotehusman, J. Kowalczyk, D. Krajmerova, T. Skroppa, H. Wolf Introduction Description of the Geographical Organization of Genetic Diversity Norway Spruce Breeding Major Achievements and Results Forest Regeneration Material Deployment European-Wide Breeding Perspectives
4. Sitka Sruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.) S. Lee, D. Thompson, J. Kehlet Hansen Introduction Breeding Quantitative Data Wood Quality Forest Reproductive Material Deployment and Genetic Gains Knowledge Gaps and Research Needs European-Wide Breeding Perspectives
5. Mediterranean Pines (Pinus halepensis Mill. and brutia Ten.)M. Regina Chambel, J. Climent, C. Pichot, F. Ducci Introduction Taxonomy, Biology and Ecology of Aleppo Pine The Current Situation as a Starting Point for Breeding Current Breeding Programmes, Description and Results Additional Factors Affecting Future Breeding of Aleppo and Brutia Pines
6. Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) U.K. Krakau, M. Liesebach, T. Aronen, M.A. Lelu-Walter, V. Schneck Introduction Biology, Ecology and Genetics of Scots Pine Scots Pine in Treebreedex Countries Present Situation as Starting Point for Breeding Breeding of Scots Pine Somatic Embryogenesis Scots Pine and Climate Change Knowledge Gaps and Research NeedsEuropean-Wide Breeding Perspectives
7. Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) J.C. Bastien, L. Sanchez, D. Michaud Introduction Description of Genetic Diversity Breeding Forest Reproductive Material Deployment European-Wide Breeding Perspectives
Part II: Breeding of Broadleaves
8. Sycamore Maple (Acer pseudoplatanus L.) D. Krabel, H. Wolf Introduction Genetic and Knowledge Breeding of Acer in Europe Knowledge Gaps Prospects for Acer Pseudoplatanus Breeding in Europe
9. Common Ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.) G. C. Douglas, A. Pliura, J. Dufour, P. Mertens, D. Jacques, J. Fernandez-Manjares, J. Buiteveld, Gh. Parnuta, M. Tudoroiu, Y. Curnel, M. Thomasset, V. Jensen, M. Knudsen, E. Foffova, A. Chandelier, M. Steenackers Biology, Ecology and Natural Distribution of AshGene Conservation Importance of Ash Dieback Disease Chalara fraxinea Other Diseases and Pests of Importance on Ash Phenology, Seed Production, Stratification and Seed Orchards Value of Ash and Sources of Planting Stock Assessment of Genetic Variation of Adaptive Traits, Growth and Quality Based on Data and Summary Evaluation of Provenance/Progeny Trials in European Countries Heritabilities of Important Silivicultural Traits and Age-Age Correlations Assessment of Genetic Variation, Hybridization, Gene Flow and Inbreeding Using Neutral Molecular Marker Variation Current Genetic Improvement Programmes Breeding Methodology Vegetative Propagation and Cryopreservation Europe-Wide Perspectives and Conclusions
10. Wild Cherry (Prunus avium (L.) L.) F. Ducci, B. De Cuyper, A. De Rogatis, J. Dufour, F. Santi Introduction Biology, Ecology and Genetics of Wild Cherry Natural and Cultivated Area Breeding of Wild Cherry European-Wide Breeding Perspectives
List of authors and contributors
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