How the Biosphere Works: Fresh Views Discovered While Growing Peppers offers a simple and novel theoretical approach to understanding the history of the biosphere, including humanity's place within it. It also helps to clarify what the possibilities and limitations are for future action. This is a subject of wide interest because today we are facing a great many environmental issues, many of which may appear unconnected. Yet all these issues are part of our biosphere. For making plans for the future and addressing our long-term survival and well-being, an integrated knowledge of our biosphere and its history is therefore indispensable.
Chapter One. The Context of Discovery: A Personal Survey of the Natural and Social Sciences Concerning our Biosphere's History
Chapter Two. Cultivating Pepper Plants: Jointly Maximizing the Capture of Solar Energy
Chapter Three. Examining Key Concepts of our Biosphere's History
Chapter Four. What Needs to Be Considered While Writing our Biosphere's History?
Chapter Five. A Fresh History of the Biosphere Before Humans
Chapter Six. What are Humanity's General Effects within the Biosphere's History?
Chapter Seven. Seven Million Years of Human Influences within the Biosphere's History
Chapter Eight. What About our Long-Term Survival Strategy within the Future Biosphere?
Appendix One. A Personal Look at the City of Eindhoven's History
Appendix Two. List of Biases Mentioned in the Book
Fred Spier is a senior lecturer in big history emeritus at the University of Amsterdam. He holds an M.Sc. in chemistry (with distinction) as well as an M.A. and PhD in cultural anthropology and social history (both cum laude, the highest distinction in the Netherlands). He has taught big history in various academic settings while lecturing about it all around the world. He is the author of the highly-acclaimed books Religious Regimes in Peru (1994), for which Spier was awarded a Praemium Erasmianum Study Prize 1993; The Structure of Big History: From the Big Bang until Today (1996); and Big History and the Future of Humanity (2010, 2015). Between 2011 and 2014, Spier was the founding vice president of the Internationa. Big History Association (IBHA) and its president de facto, and between 2014 and 2016 its second president.
"Does growing a few pepper plants in an Amsterdam high-rise and a lifetime of study of universal development help explain the biosphere on which our lives depend? To answer this question, Professor Fred Spier draws on both his far-reaching personal intellectual journey and the work of a large range of pioneers. The book has emerged from an ongoing lifetime of studying history across many disciplines while questioning biases, explains emergent complexity, and integrates separate fields into a single coherent and convincing whole."
– Lowell Gustafson, Villanova, University
"After introducing the central concept of "Goldilocks conditions" for Big history, Fred Spier now offers us a new innovative view of the whole biosphere as part of a more cosmic view in which humans are included. Spier highlights and proposes again key notions that must not be forgotten – concepts that are essential to understand the world that we live in as a whole and our role in it."
– Dra. Olga Garcia Moreno, Departamento de Geologia Universidad de Oviedo
"Fred Spier takes us on a journey from the everyday business of growing pepper plants in a flowerpot to the very edge of human knowledge about the future of life on Earth. A bold book written in an approachable and accessible style that challenges our relationship with other species and shows the central importance of building a more mutually beneficial relationship between humans and the rest of the biosphere."
– Dr. Mark Williams, University of Leicester
"Spier walks in the footsteps of Alexander von Humboldt, offering an account of the development of the biosphere and the human place within it that combines biology, chemistry, history, anthropology, sociology and a few other sciences as well. How the Biosphere Works ranges in scale from microbes to the Universe, mixing idiosyncratic observations on pepper plants with insightful analysis of large-scale social systems. It is a unique synthesis, clearly written and handsomely illustrated, a rewarding read for anyone."
– J.R. McNeill, author of Something New under the Sun and The Great Acceleration