There is growing evidence that climate change will become one of the major threats to species in the 21st century. At the time of writing, birds are one of the primary indicators for the consequences of climate change. The 2008 IUCN Red List identified some 35% of assessed bird species as being ‘climate-change susceptible’. Despite the well-studied and documented cultural, economic and ecosystem benefits that birds provide, they nevertheless face a precarious future.
Zoo professionals have a clear understanding and appreciation of the importance of maintaining biodiversity. Unfortunately, few zoo populations of threatened species, or any species for that matter, are managed in a sustainable manner that would categorize them as altogether successful conservation-breeding programmes. Most populations, including birds, are disadvantaged by small population size resulting from limited space, poor growth rates as a result of poor survival and/or reproduction, ineffective population management, and low genetic diversity. These challenges can seem overwhelming, making it difficult to recognize success, and the positive impact that biologists, educators and collection managers have on the preservation of any given species. Within this volume descriptions of innovative tools that can be utilized to minimize some of the suggested challenges are presented.
The second half of this volume has the regular contributions on developments in the zoo world.
- Introduction to Avian Challenges / Michael Macek 1–6-
- Conservation breeding and avian diversity: chances and challenges / N. J. Collar, S. H. M. Butchart 7–28
- Rearing the Extinct in the Wild Alagoas curassow Pauxi mitu for future reintroduction programmes / R. M. de Avelar Azeredo, J. G. P. Simpson 29–38
- Artificial incubation of Maleo Macrocephalon maleo eggs at the Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservation Society, New York / J. Cornejo, M. Iorizzo, N. Clum 39–47
- Scarlet macaw Ara macao cyanoptera conservation programme in Mexico / R. Raigoza Figueras 48–60
- A mixed-species exhibit for African water birds (including pelicans, flamingos, spoonbills and storks) at Odense Zoo, Denmark: breeding success, animal welfare and education / B. Klausen 61–68
- Challenges and successes in the propagation of the Shoebill Balaeniceps rex: with detailed observations from Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo, Florida / J. A. Tomita, L. E. Killmar, R. Ball, L. A. Rottman, M. Kowitz 69–82
- The recovery programme for the Regent honeyeater Anthochaera phrygia: an example of conservation collaboration in Australia / S. C. Liu, J. Gillespie, N. Atchison, P. Andrew 83–91
- Breeding biology of Red-billed oxpeckers Buphagus erythrorhynchus at the National Zoological Gardens of South Africa / T. B. Plantan, M. J. Howitt, A. Kotzé, M. S. Gaines 92–100
- West Nile virus from an avian conservation perspective / N. M. Nemeth, P. T. Oesterle 101–115
- Advancing avian nutrition through best feeding practice / A. L. Fidgett, L. Gardner 116–127
- Video-graphic study of the behaviour of juvenile Brown kiwi Apteryx mantelli females at Smithsonian National Zoological Park, Washington, DC / K. B. Wesley, K. Brader 128–138
- A review of captive flamingo (Phoenicopteridae) welfare: a synthesis of current knowledge and future directions / P. E. Rose, D. P. Croft, R. Lee 139–155
- Sustainable population management of birds: current challenges exemplified / C. Lynch, T. Snyder 156–165
- Advantages of aviaries and the Aviary Database Project: a new approach to an old housing option for birds / A. Bracko, C. E. King 166–183
- Nineteen years of management for Phoenicopteriformes in European Association of Zoos and Aquaria institutions: the Fabulous Flamingo Surveys and strategies to increase reproduction in captivity / C. E. King, A. Bracko 184–198
- In situ conservation breeding and the role of zoological institutions and private breeders in the recovery of highly endangered Indonesian passerine birds / A. Owen, R. Wilkinson, R. Sözer 199–211
DEVELOPING ZOO WORLD
- Ovarian dysgerminoma in a Pygmy slow loris Nycticebus pygmaeus: a case report with clinical follow-up / Y. Feltrer, A. Pocknell 212–217
- Echocardiographic assessment of cardiac structure and function in great apes: a practical guide / R. Shave, D. Oxborough, J. Somauroo, Y. Feltrer, T. Strike, A. Routh, S. Chapman, S. Redrobe, L. Thompson, S. Unwin, et al. 218–233
- Progress in the Western lowland gorilla Gorilla gorilla gorilla European Endangered Species Programme: a review of the decade 2002–2011 / J. Vermeer, M. T. Abelló, M. Holtkötter 234–249
- Zoos and Aquariums of the World 250–406
- Index to List of Zoos and Aquariums of the World 407–423
- International Studbooks for Rare Species of Wild Animals in Captivity 424–449
- Author Index to Volume 48 450–451
- Subject Index to Volume 48 452–465
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