About this book
Land use change is the most important of all global change impacts on mountain biodiversity, and has the greatest impact on their ecosystem integrity and biological richness. Land Use Change and Mountain Biodiversity focuses on the interplay between disturbances in mountains, primarily anthropogenic in origin, and the mountain biota that determine responses to this disturbance. At the core of this issue is how species and landscape diversity buffers the anthropogenic impacts. Based on the applied research across the globe, this book takes a natural systems approach to understanding the links between biodiversity and ecosystem resistance/resilience. Many of the themes also have ecological applications beyond mountainous regions.
High-Elevation Land Use, Biodiversity, and Ecosystem FunctioningChristian K/rner, Gia Nakhutsrishvili, and Eva SpehnDiversity of Afroalpine Vegetation and Ecology of Treeline Species in the Bale Mountains, Ethiopia, and the Influence of FireMasresha Fetene, Yoseph Assefa, Menassie Gashaw, Zerihun Woldu, and Erwin BeckIs Afroalpine Plant Biodiversity Negatively Affected by High-Altitude Fires?Karsten WescheThe Impact of Fire on Diversity, Structure, and Composition of the Vegetation on Mt. KilimanjaroAndreas HempEffects of Fire on the Diversity of Geometrid Moths on Mt. KilimanjaroJan C. Axmacher, Ludger Scheuermann, Marion Schrumpf, Herbert V.M. Lyaruu, Konrad Fiedler, and Klaus Mnller-HohensteinThe Influence of Fire on Mountain Sclerophyllous Forests and Their Small-Mammal Communities in MadagascarBernardin P.N. Rasolonandrasana and Steven M. GoodmanFire, Plant Species Richness, and Aerial Biomass Distribution in Mountain Grasslands of Northwest ArgentinaRoxana Arag n, Julietta Carilla, and Luciana Crist balThe Biodiversity of the Columbian P?ramo and Its Relation to Anthropogenic ImpactOrlando Rangel ChurioGrazing Impact on Vegetation Structure and Plant Species Richness in an Old-Field Succession of the Venezuelan ParamosLina SarmientoVegetation and Grazing Patterns in Andean Environments: A Comparison of Pastoral Systems in Punas and P?ramosMarcelo Molinillo and Maximina MonasterioGrazing Intensity, Plant Diversity, and Rangeland Conditions in the Southeastern Andes of Peru (Palccoyo, Cusco)Jorge Alberto Bustamante BecerraImportance of Carrying Capacity in Sustainable Management of Key High-Andean Puna Rangelands (Bofedales) in Ulla Ulla, BoliviaHumberto Alz?rreca, Jorge Laura, Freddy Loza, Demetrio Luna, and Jonny OrtegaFunctional Diversity of Wetland Vegetation in the High-AndeanP?ramo, VenezuelaZulimar Hern?ndez and Maximina MonasterioMillennia of Grazing History in Eastern Ladakh, India, Reflected in Rangeland VegetationGopal S. Rawat and Bhupendra S. AdhikariAlpine Grazing in the Snowy Mountains of Australia: Degradation and Stabilization of the EcosystemKen Green, Roger B. Good, Stuart W. Johnston, and Lisa A. SimpsonVegetation of the Pamir (Tajikistan): Land Use and Desertification ProblemsSiegmar-W. Breckle and Walter WuchererEffects of Grazing on Biodiversity, Productivity, and Soil Erosion of Alpine Pastures in Tajik MountainsKhukmatullo M. Akhmadov, Siegmar-W. Breckle, and Uta BrecklePlant Species Diversity, Forest Structure, and Tree Regeneration in Subalpine Wood PasturesAndrea C. Mayer, Veronika St/ckli, Christine Huovinen, and Michael KreuzerPatterns of Forest Recovery in Grazing Fields in the Subtropical Mountains of Northwest ArgentinaJulieta Carilla, H. Ricardo Grau, and Agustina MaliziaClimatic and Anthropogenic Influences on the Dynamics ofProsopis ferox Forests in the Quebrada de Humahuac