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About this book
With an emphasis on biological, chemical, and physical sources of pollution, this book incorporates traditional concepts of environmental health with new controversies regarding environmental threats to human health, such as the link between air pollutants and asthma as well as the role of pollution in cancer risk. This edition also features new chapters on emerging diseases and emergency preparedness, including the significant reasons for the emergence of these diseases and the main etiological agents related to them. The text balances its presentation by offering opposing views of major issues, ranging from the Greenhouse Effect to reproductive problems associated with endocrine disruptors.
Ecosystems and Energy Flow Introduction Climate Ecosystems and Biomes Energy Flow Nutrients The Process of Succession and Retrogression References Human Populations Introduction The Characteristics of Populations Population Dynamics Population Trends in the World Current Population Trends in Developed Countries Current Population Trends in LDCs Predicted Future Trends in Populations Urbanization The Control of Population Methods of Fertility Control References Environmental Degradation and Food Security Introduction: The Debate Impacts on the Environment Food Security References Environmental Disease Introduction Defining Disease The Role of Genetics in Disease Cancer References Toxicity and Toxins Introduction Exposure and Entry Routes Some Specific Examples of Toxic Agents References The Trouble with PestsIntroduction What are Pests? Insects and Other Arthropods Rodents and Pests Pesticides Types of Pesticides References Emerging Diseases Introduction Reasons for the Emergence of Infectious Diseases Specific Emerging Diseases Practical Approaches to Limiting the Emergence of Infectious Diseases References Foodborne Illness Introduction Causative Agents of Foodborne Disease Foodborne Pathogens References Water and WastewaterIntroduction Water Use Sources of Drinking Water Water Pollution Water Treatment Regulations Wastewater Disposal and Treatment Water Pollution and Health Future Outlook References Air, Noise, and Radiation Introduction The Atmosphere and Methods of Dispersion The History of Air Pollution Control in the U.S. The Criteria Pollutants Health Implications of Air Pollutants Indoor Air Pollution Noise Radiation Ultraviolet Radiation References Solid and Hazardous Waste Introduction Definition and Characterization of MSW Collection and Disposal of Solid Waste Hazardous Wastes References Assessing Human Risk Introduction Environmental Risk The Process of Risk Analysis Risk Management and Communication References Environmental Laws and Compliance Introduction Environmental Laws: Some Fundamentals Federal Environmental Laws Compliance Strategies References Emergency Preparedness Introduction The Role of the Environmental Health (EH) Professional in Emergency/Disaster Response References Glossary Index