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About this book
About this book
Takes a global look at the latest tools farmers use to create, nurture, and preserve the evolutionary and adaptive potential of a wide range of plants, animals, and other factors associated with biodiversity. They include the most recent research and developments in the maintenance of local diversity at the genetic, species, and ecosystem levels for crops, livestock, aquatic resources, associated pollinators, and below-grown microorganisms. The volume also features perspectives from social and environmental scientists and case studies showing how farmers around the world use alternative approaches to manage biodiversity and enhance the stability, resilience, and productivity of their farms.
Biodiversity Agriculture and Ecosystem Services 1Measuring Managing and Maintaining Crop Genetic Diversity 13An Entry Point to Crop Genetic Diversity 34Seed Systems and Crop Genetic Diversity in Agroecosystems 77of Livestock Genetic Resources 117Change 141Aquatic Biodiversity in RiceBased Ecosystems 183Pollinator Services 200Benefits 292Crop Variety Diversif1cation for Disease Control 320Managing Biodiversity in Spatially and Temporally Complex 338Diversity and Innovation in Smallholder Systems in Response 362Agrobiodiversity Diet and Human Health 382The Value 407 Economics of Livestock Genetic Resources Conservation 426 Ecological and Economic Roles of Biodiversity 446
DEVRA I. JARVIS is senior scientist, agricultural biodiversity and ecosystems, in the Diversity for Livelihoods Programme at the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute in Rome. CHRISTINE PADOCH is the Matthew Calbraith Perry Curator of Economic Botany at the New York Botanical Garden. DAVID COOPER is senior programme officer, Interagency and Programme Coordination, at the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity in Montreal.