Ethnoprimatology is situated at the intersection between the biological and cultural subfields of anthropology. Research on the interface between human and nonhuman primates has been steadily increasing since 1997, when the term ethnoprimatology was first coined. Although there have been studies on human-nonhuman primate interactions in the tropical Americas, no single comprehensive volume has been published that integrates this information to fully understand it in this region. Eighteen novel chapters written by outstanding scholars with various backgrounds are included in this edited volume. They refer to the complex interconnections between different indigenous peoples with New World monkeys that sympatrically share their ancestral territories. Geographically, the range covers all of the Neotropics, from southern Mexico through northern Argentina. Neotropical Ethnoprimatology includes topics such as primates as prey and food, ethnozoology/ethnoecology, cosmology, narratives about monkeys, uses of primates, monkeys as pets, and ethnoclassification. Multiple views as well as diverse theoretical and methodological approaches are found within the pages. In sum, this is a compendium of ethnoprimatological research that will be prized by anthropologists, ethnobiologists, primatologists, conservationists, and zoologists alike.
Bernardo Urbani is an Associate Researcher at the Center for Anthropology of the Venezuelan Institute for Scientific Research. His research interests are Neotropical primate ecology and behavior, history of primatology, ethnoprimatology/archaeoprimatology, and primate conservation. He has received the Early Career Achievement Award of the American Society of Primatologists and the Martha J. Galante Award of the International Society of Primatology. He has also been elected member of the Global Young Academy.
Manuel Lizarralde is an Associate Professor at the Department of Botany and Environmental Studies Program at Connecticut College. His principal research focus is the botanical and ecological knowledge of indigenous peoples of the tropical rainforest. His research focus is the Bari people of Venezuela with 34 months of fieldwork over the last 29 years. He has also done ethnobotanical research with the Matsigenka of Peru and is the author of an index and map of South American indigenous languages.
"This book [...] provides a historical benchmark for all subsequent research in ethnoprimatology in the Neotropics and beyond."
– Leslie E. Sponsel, University of Hawai´i at Manoa