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About this book
About this book
Nearly everything made or built, and nearly all the energy used, comes out of the Earth. Modern society is increasingly dependent on mineral and fossil energy sources. They are non-renewable, they differ in their availability, in the cost of production, and in their geographical distribution. Growing demand have begun to restrict the availability of these resources. This volume discusses some of these issues.
1. Introduction.- 2. The exhaustion of mineral resources - a truism or a state of mind?- 3. Stretching the availability of non-renewable resources.- 4. Challenges in the optimal management of remaining petroleum resources.- 5. Uranium: The world's energy mineral.- 6. Coal: an energy source for future world needs!?- 7. Natural gas hydrates: Recent research and assessment developments.- 8. Challenges of the European Mining Industry in the Years to Come.- 9. Commision Raw Materials Initiative.- 10. The metal market: A new corporate landscape emerging.- 11. Developments and trends in the availability of non-ferrous mineral raw materials.- 12. Future of metal mining in Europe - a fennoscandian perspective.- 13. Tomorrow's gold resources: Where will we find them?- 14. Global assessment of undiscovered mineral resources: Opportunities and challenges.- 15. Marine minerals: A new perspective.- 16. Ocean floor mining.- 17. Rare earth elements: a new scope of mining for saving energy and environment.- 18. Metals for a sustainable modern society.- 19. Concluding remarks.