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This book groups together overviews and original research papers dealing with South American climate variability from the Last Glacial Maximum to the Holocene. The contributions deal with tropical, temperate and high latitudes climate variability in South America and in surrounding regions (including Pacific and Atlantic Oceans and Antarctica). It offers results obtained from both natural climate archives and recent simulations from coupled climate models.
The objective is to propose a state of the art about our knowledge of past climate variability in South America. Specifically, this book aims at presenting the whole available observations and at discussing climate mechanisms, specifically the low to high latitude teleconnections on that continent which spreads out from the equator to Patagonia. It is written by an expert group of climate change scientists, and presents an insight into dynamics of the past and provides climate modelers with work of reference for data-model comparison.
The book is an advanced but very readable text essential for all students and scientists interested in global environmental change.
PART I -- CAN WE DRAW A ROBUT PICTURE OF LAST GLACIAL MAXIMUM CLIMATE CONDITIONS IN SOUTH AMERICA? 1- Moisture pattern during the Last Glacial Maximum in South AmericaFlorence Sylvestre 2- Orbital and millennial-scale precipitation changes in Brazil from speleothem recordsFrancisco W. Cruz, Xianfeng Wang, Augusto Auler, Mathias Vuille, Stephen J. Burns, Lawrence R. Edwards, Ivo Karmann and Hai Cheng 3- Chronologies of the Last Glacial Maximum and its Termination in the Andes (#10-55 S) based on Surface Exposure DatingRoland Zech, Jacqueline Smith and Michael Kaplan 4- Vegetation and fire at the Last Glacial Maximum in tropical South AmericaFrancis E Mayle, Michael J. Burn, Mitchell Power and Dunia Urrego 5- Re-evaluation of climate change in Lowland Central America during the Last Glacial Maximum using new sediment cores from Lake Peten Itza, GuatemalaMark B. Bush, Alexander Y. Correa-Metrio, David A. Hodell, Mark Brenner, Flavio S. Anselmetti, Daniel Ariztegui, Andreas D. Mueller, Jason H. Curtis, Dustin A. Grzesik, Catherine Burton and Adrian Gilli 6- Glacial to Holocene paleoceanographic and continental paleoclimate reconstructions based on ODP site 1233/GeoB 3313 off southern ChileFrank Lamy and Jerome Kaiser PART II -- THE HIGH LATITUDES-TROPICS AND TROPICS-TROPICS TELECONNECIONS OVER THE LAST DEGLACIATION AND LAST GLACIAL MAXIMUM 7- Teleconnections into South America from the tropics and extratropics on interannual and intraseasonal timescalesAlice M. Grimm and Tercio Ambrizzi 8- South American climate variability and change: remote and regional forcing processesKerry H Cook 9- Sensitivity of South American Tropical climateto Last Glacial Maximum boundary conditions: focus on teleconnections with Tropics and ExtratropicsMyriam Khodri, Masa Kageyama and Didier M. Roche 10- Similarities and discrepancies between Andean ice cores over the last deglaciation: climate implicationsFrancoise Vimeux PART III -- CHARACTERISTICS OF THE HOLOCENE CLIMATE. FOCUS ON GLOBAL EVENTS: ARE THEY WIDESPREAD, COMPARABLE AND SYNCHRONEOUS IN SOUTH AMERICA? 11- Mid-Holocene climate of tropical South America: a model-data approachPedro L. Silva Dias, Bruno Turcq, Maria Assuncao F. Silva Dias, Pascale Braconnot and Tatiana Jorgetti 12- Millennial-scale ecological changes in tropical South America since the Last Glacial MaximumDunia H. Urrego, Mark B. Bush, Miles R. Silman, Alexander Correa-Metrio, Maria P. Ledru, Francis Mayle, Gina Panuado and Bryang G. Valencia 13- The nature and origin of decadal to millennial scale climate varibility in the southern tropics of South America: the Holocene record of lago Umayo, PeruPaul A Baker, Sherilyn C. Fritz, Stephen J. Burns, Erik Ekdahl and Catherine A. Rigsby 14- Hydrological variability in South America below the tropic of Capricorn (Pampas and eastern Patagonia, Argentina) during the last 13.0 kaEduardo L. Piovano, Daniel Ariztegui, Franciso Cordoba, Marcela Cioccale and Florence Sylvestre 15- Climate change in southern South America during the last two millenniaChristopher M. Moy, Patricio I. Moreno, Robert B. Dunbar, Michael R. Kaplan, Jean-Pierre Francois, Ricardo Villalba and Torsthen Haberzettl 16- The Little Ice Age in southern South America: proxy and model based evidenceInka Meyer and Sebastian Wagner