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About this book
About this book
Physics Meets Mineralogy: Condensed Matter Physics in the Geosciences describes the interaction between geophysics and condensed matter physics. Condensed matter physics leads to a 'first-principles' way of looking at crystals, enabling physicists and mineralogists to study the rich and sometimes unexpected behavior that minerals exhibit under the extreme conditions, such as high pressure and high temperature, found deep within the earth. Leading international researchers from both geosciences and condensed matter physics discuss the state-of-the-art of this interdisciplinary field. An excellent summary for specialists and graduate students researching mineralogy and crystallography.
Preface; 1. Physics and mineralogy: the current confluence H. Aoki, Y. Syono and R. Hemley; 2.1 Density functional theory in geophysics Lars Stixrude; 2.2 Crystallographic orbits and their application to structure types Takeo Matsumoto; 2.3 Accuracy in X-ray diffraction Larry W. Finger; 2.4 Statistical analysis of phase-boundary observations Abby Kavner, Terry Speed and Raymond Jeanloz; 3.1 A search for a connection between bond strength, bond length, and electron distributions G. V. Gibbs, M. Boisen, Jr. and F. C. Hill; 3.2 MgO - the simplest oxide R. E. Cohen; 3.3 First-principles theoretical study on the high-pressure phases of MnO and FeO: normal and inverse structures Z. Fang, H. Sawada, I. Solovyev and T. Miyazaki; 3.4 A computer simulation approach to the thermoelastic, transport and melting properties of lower mantle phases Atul Patel, Lidunka Vocadlo and David Price; 4.1 Polymorphism in crystalline and amorphous silica at high pressures Russell J. Hemley, James Badro and David M. Teter; 4.2 Shock-induced phase transition from rutile type structure from the viewpoint of computer simulation Keiji Kusaba, Yasuhiko Syono, and Yoshito Matsui; 4.3 Lattice instabilities examined by X-ray diffractometry and molecular dynamics Takamitsu Yamanaka and Taku Tsuchiya; 4.4 Effect of hydrostaticity on the phase transformations of Cristobalite Takchiko Yagi and Masaaki Yamakata; 5.1 Opportunities in diversity of crystal structures - a view from condensed-matter physics Hideo Aoki; 5.2 Theoretical search for new materials: low temperature compression of graphitic layered materials S. Tsuneyuki, Y. Tateyama, T. Ogitsu and K. Kusakabe; 5.3 H ... H interactions and order-disorder at high-pressure in layered hydroxides and dense hydrous phases J. B. Parise, H. Kagi, J. S. Loveday, R. J. Nelmes and W. M. Marshall; 6.1 Comparison of pair potential models for the simulation of liquid SiO2: thermodynamic, angular distribution and diffusional properties M. Hemmati and C. A. Angell; 6.2 Transport properties of silicate melts at high pressure Brent T. Poe and David C. Rubie; 6.3 Structural characterization of oxide melts with advanced X-ray diffraction methods Yoshio Waseda and Kazumasa Sugiyama; 6.4 A computer simulation approach for the prediction of trace element partitioning between crystal and melt Masami Kanzaki.
396 pages, B/w photos, figs, tabs
'... an excellent review of the recent advances in the application of modern condensed-matter physics in high-pressure and high-temperature mineralogy and the study of the deep earth interior.' Georg Amthauer, Acta Crystallographica '... an excellent summary for specialists and graduate students researching mineralogy and crystallography.' Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie