Anyone who has spent an extended period in the tropics has an idea, through caring for others or first-hand experience, just what it is like to be a primate parasite host. Monkeys and apes often share parasites with humans, for example the HIV viruses which evolved from related viruses of chimpanzees and sooty mangabeys, and so understanding the ecology of infectious diseases in non-human primates is of paramount importance. Furthermore, there is accumulating evidence that environmental change may promote contact between humans and non-human primates and increase the possibility of sharing infectious disease.
Written for academic researchers, this book addresses these issues and provides up-to-date information on the methods of study, natural history and ecology/theory of the exciting field of primate parasite ecology.
Primate disease ecology: an integrative approach
Part I. Methods to Study Primate-Parasite Interactions:
1. Collection methods and diagnostic procedures for primate parasitology
2. Methods of collection and identification of minute nematodes from the feces of primates, with special application to coevolutionary study of pinworms
3. The utility of molecular methods for elucidating primate-pathogen relationships – the Oesophagostomum bifurcum example
4. The application of endocrine measures in primate parasite ecology
5. Using agent-based models to investigate primate disease ecology
Part II. The Natural History of Primate–Parasite Interactions:
6. What does a parasite see when it looks at a chimpanzee?
7. Primate malarias: evolution, adaptation, and species jumping
8. Disease avoidance and the evolution of primate social connectivity: Ebola, bats, gorillas, and chimpanzees
9. Primate-parasitic zoonoses and anthropozoonses: a literature review
10. Lice and other parasites as markers of primate evolutionary history
11. Cryptic species and biodiversity of lice from primates
12. Prevalence of Clostridium perfringens in intestinal microflora of non-human primates
13. Intestinal bacteria of chimpanzees in the wild and in captivity - an application of molecular ecological methodologies
14. Gastrointestinal parasites of bonobos in the Lomako Forest, Democratic Republic of Congo
15. Habitat disturbance and seasonal fluctuations of lemur parasites in the rain forest of Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar
16. Chimpanzee-parasite ecology at Budongo Forest (Uganda) and the Mahale Mountains (Tanzania): influence of climatic differences on self-medicative behavior
Part III. The Ecology of Primate–Parasite Interactions:
17. Primate exposure and the emergence of novel retroviruses
18. Overview of parasites infecting howler monkeys, Alouatta sp., and potential consequences of human-howler interactions
19. Primate parasite ecology: patterns and predictions from an ongoing study of Japanese macaques
20. Crop raiding: the influence of behavioral and nutritional changes on primate-parasite relationships
21. Can parasites infections be a selective force influencing primate group size? A test with red colobus
22. How does diet quality affect the parasite ecology of mountain gorillas?
23 Host-parasite Dynamics: Connecting Primate Field Data to Theory
Part IV. Conclusions:
24. Ways forward in the study of primate disease ecology
25. Useful diagnostic references and images of protozoans, helminths, and nematodes commonly found in wild primates
Michael Huffman is an Associate Professor, and the first North American tenured faculty member, at Kyoto University's Primate Research Institute. He is currently an editor for the American Journal of Primatology, and has been the PI of several multi-disciplinary international collaborations spanning over 15 countries.
Colin Chapman is a Professor in the Department of Anthropology and McGill School of Environment at McGill University. He has been an associate scientist with the Wildlife Conservation Society since 1995 and for the last 17 years has conducted research in the Kibale National Park, Uganda.
"this book is useful to both graduate students or researchers."
"This volume provides a comprehensive look at the relationships between primates and their parasites. Overall, this volume is a summary of the current research being conducted in the field of primate parasitology. The combination of traditional studies and newer concepts should provide cogent information for researchers and professionals across the varied areas of primate parasitology."
– Sara K. Martin for The Quarterly Review of Biology