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Academic & Professional Books  Evolutionary Biology  Human Evolution & Anthropology

The Backbone of Europe Health, Diet, Work and Violence over Two Millennia

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By: Richard H Steckel(Editor), Clark Spencer Larsen(Editor), Charlotte A Roberts(Editor), Jörg Baten(Editor)
The Backbone of Europe
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  • The Backbone of Europe ISBN: 9781108421959 Hardback Nov 2018 Usually dispatched within 6 days
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About this book

Using human skeletal remains, The Backbone of Europe traces health, workload and violence in the European population over the past 2,000 years. Health was surprisingly good for people who lived during the early Medieval Period. The Plague of Justinian of the 6th century was ultimately beneficial for health because the smaller population had relatively more resources that contributed to better living conditions. Increasing population density and inequality in the following centuries imposed an unhealthy diet – poor in protein – on the European population. With the onset of the Little Ice Age in the late Middle Ages, a further health decline ensued, which was not reversed until the nineteenth century. While some aspects of health declined, other attributes improved. During the early modern period, interpersonal violence (outside of warfare) declined possibly because stronger states and institutions were able to enforce compromise and cooperation. European health over the past two millennia was hence multifaceted in nature.

Contents

1. The European History of Health Project: Introduction to Goals, Materials, and Methods / Richard H. Steckel, Clark Spencer Larsen , Charlotte Roberts , and Joerg Baten
2. Contextual Dimensions of Health and Lifestyle: Isotopes, Diet, Migration, and the Archaeological and Historical Records / Rimantas Jankauskas and Gisela Grupe
3. Measuring Community Health using Skeletal Remains: A Health Index for Europe / Richard H. Steckel and Anna Kjellström
4. The History of European Oral Health: Evidence from Dental Caries and Antemortem Tooth Loss / Ursula Witwer-Backofen and Felix Engel
5. Proliferative Periosteal Reactions: Assessment of Trends in Europe over the Past Two Millennia / Carina Marques, Vitor Matos, and Nicholas J. Meinzer
6. Growth Disruption in Children: Linear Enamel Hypoplasias / Zsolt Bereczki, Maria Teschler-Nicola, Antonia Marcsik, Nicholas Meinzer, and Joerg Baten
7. History of Anemia and Related Nutritional Deficiencies: Evidence from Cranial Porosities / Anastasia Papathanasiou, Nicholas J. Meinzer, Kimberly D. Williams, and Clark Spencer Larsen
8. Agricultural Specialization, Urbanization, Workload and Stature / Nicholas Meinzer, Richard H. Steckel and Joerg Baten
9. History of Degenerative Joint Disease in People across Europe – Bioarchaeological Inferences about Lifestyle and Activity from Osteoarthritis and Vertebral Osteophytosis / Kimberly D. Williams, Nicholas J. Meinzer, and Clark Spencer Larsen
10. The History of Violence in Europe: Evidence from Cranial and Postcranial Bone Trauma / Jörg Baten and Richard H. Steckel
11. The Developmental Origins of Health and Disease: Early Life Experiences and Adult Age at Death in Europe: Evidence from Skeletal Remains / Charlotte A. Roberts and Richard H. Steckel
12. Climate and Health: Europe from the Pre-Middle Ages to the Nineteenth Century / Richard H. Steckel and Felix Engel
13. Multidimensional Patterns of European Health, Work, and Violence over the Past Two Millennia / Jörg Baten, Richard H. Steckel, Clark Spencer Larsen and Charlotte Roberts
14. Data Collection Codebook / Richard H. Steckel, Clark Spencer Larsen, Paul W. Sciulli, and Phillip L. Walker
15. Database Creation, Management, and Analysis / Charlotte Roberts, Richard H. Steckel and Clark Spencer Larsen

Customer Reviews

Biography

Richard H. Steckel is Distinguished University Professor Emeritus at the Ohio State University. He is a pioneer in blending human biology, anthropometrics, and measures from skeletal remains for insights into health and well-being. He has published over 120 articles, including two books with Cambridge.

Clark Spencer Larsen is Distinguished University Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the Ohio State University, and member of the National Academy of Sciences. His research focuses on the last 10,000 years of human evolution, with particular emphasis on the history of health and lifestyle. He is the author of Bioarchaeology: Interpreting Behavior from the Human Skeleton (Cambridge, 2nd edition, 2015)

Charlotte A. Roberts is a Professor of Archaeology at the University of Durham. She has studied and interpreted human remains from archaeological sites for the past thirty years. She is specifically interested in exploring the interaction of people with their environments in the past through patterns of health and disease, taking a multidisciplinary and multi-method approach.

Joerg Baten is a Professor of Economic History at Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen, Germany, and Editor-in-Chief of Economics and Human Biology. His research focuses on the effects of nutrition, disease and violence on human development. He has authored or co-edited seven books, including A History of the Global Economy (Cambridge, 2016), an easily comprehensible overview on economic history of all world regions in the last 500 years.


Contributors:
- Richard H. Steckel
- Clark Spencer Larsen
- Charlotte Roberts
- Joerg Baten
- Rimantas Jankauskas
- Gisela Grupe
- Anna Kjellström
- Ursula Witwer-Backofen
- Felix Engel
- Carina Marques
- Vitor Matos
- Nicholas J. Meinzer
- Zsolt Bereczki
- Maria Teschler-Nicola
- Antonia Marcsik
- Anastasia Papathanasiou
- Kimberly D. Williams
- Paul W. Sciulli
- Phillip L. Walker

New
By: Richard H Steckel(Editor), Clark Spencer Larsen(Editor), Charlotte A Roberts(Editor), Jörg Baten(Editor)
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