Protected areas, such as nature reserves, national parks and marine conservation areas, are the main tool of nature conservation policies and are increasing on a worldwide scale. They are one of the main forms of environmental planning, and conservation institutions have increasing means at their disposal. At the same time, the goals of protected areas have become more diverse, with the involvement of more stakeholders and complex institutional frameworks.
Giving an account of the extension and diversification of protected areas, this book determines whether these two processes constitute a breakdown in conservation policies. Economists, ecologists, lawyers, anthropologists and geographers analyse the various trends which are fundamental to the future of protected areas to reveal a conflicting scene where narrative around cooperation and integration hides competition between different interests. This book shows how protected areas are emerging as zones of divergent experimentations of sustainable development rather than lasting forms of integrative environmental management.
Introduction: sustainable development, a new age for conservation? - Catherine Aubertin, Florence Pinton and Estienne Rodary
Part 1 Redefining Protected Areas
- Expansion and diversification of protected areas: rupture or continuity? - Estienne Rodary and Johan Milian
- Marine protected areas and governance: towards a multidisciplinary approach - Christian Chaboud, Florence Galletti, Gilbert David, Ambroise Brenier, Philippe Meral, Fano Andriamahefazafy and Jocelyne Ferraris
Part 2 New Tools?
- Corridors: compulsory passages? The Malagasy example - Stephanie M. Carriere, Dominique Herve, Fano Andriamahefazafy and Philippe Meral
- Protected areas and ecological networks: global environmental management or management of the conservation institutions? - Marie Bonnin
- Financing protected areas in Madagascar: new methods - Philippe Meral, Geraldine Froger, Fano Andriamahefazafy and Ando Rabearisoa
Part 3 New Conservation Territories
- Creation of the Guyana Amazonian park. Redistribution powers, incarnations of the 'local' and division of the territory - Catherine Aubertin and Geoffroy Filoche
- From Amerindian territorialities to 'indigenous lands' in the Brazilian Amazon: the Yanomami and Kayapo cases - Bruce Albert, Pascale de Robert, Anne-Elisabeth Laques and Francois-Michel Le Tourneau - Pastoralism and protected areas in West and East Africa - Jean Boutrais
Conclusion: understanding protected areas in globalisation, Herve Rakoto Ramiarantsoa and Estienne Rodary
Catherine Aubertin & Estienne Rodary, are both at the Institut de recherche pour le developpement, France.