This title presents in one volume the 'toolbox' of methods required for water quality monitoring and assesses their potential for underpinning environmental management and legislation. It discusses methodology within the current legislative framework. Screening methods covered will save both money and time in water quality assessment. It is a timely source of information for those involved in water management at all levels.
The Series Editor - Philippe Quevauviller.
List of Contributors.
PART ONE: SCREENING METHODS IN THE CONTEXT OF WATER POLICIES. 1.1 WFD monitoring and metrological implications (Ph. Quevauviller). 1.2 Use of screening methods in US water regulations (G. Junqua, E. BaurSs, E. H'lias and O. Thomas). 1.3 Existing an new methods for chemical and ecological status monitoring under the WFD (B. Roig, I. Allan, G. Mills, N. Guigues, R. Greenwood and C. Gonzalez).
PART TWO: CHEMICAL METHODS.
2.1 The potential of passive sampling to support regulatory monitoring of the chemical quality of environmental waters (G.A. Mills, B. Vrana and R. Greenwood). 2.2 Polar organic compounds integrative sample and semi-permeable membrane devices (D. Alvarez and A. Zaliauskiene). 2.3 Main existing methods for chemical monitoring (G. Junqua, C. Gonzalez and E. Touraud). 2.4 UV spectrophotometry: environmental monitoring solutions (D. Constant, C. Gonzalez, E. Touraud, N. Guigues and O. Thomas). PART THREE: BIOLOGICAL METHODS.
3.1 Application of Microbial Assay for Risk Assessment (MARA) to evaluate toxicity of chemicals and environmental samples (K. Wadhia and K.C. Thompson). 3.2 Bioassays and biosensors (M. Farr' and D. Barcel). 3.3 Immunochemical methods (P. M. Kr"mer). 3.4 Biological recognition systems for water monitoring (B. Roig, I. Bazin, S. Bayle, D. Habauzit and J. Chopineau). 3.5 Continuous monitoring of waters by Biological Early Warning Systems (K. Kramer). 3.6 Biological markers of exposure and effect for water pollution monitoring (J. A. Hagger and T. S. Galloway).
PART FOUR: POTENTIAL USE OF SCREENING METHODS AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION.
4.1 Monitoring heavy metals using passive sampling devices (G. A. Mills, I. Allan, N. Guigues, J. Knutsson, A. Holmberg and R. Greenwood). 4.2 On-site heavy metal monitoring using portable screen-printed sensor (C. Berho, N. Guigues, J. P. Ghestem, C. Crouzet, A. Strugeon, S. Roy and A. M. Fouillac). 4.3 Field monitoring of PAHs in river water by direct fluorimetry on C18 solid sorbent (G. Bernier and M. Lamotte). 4.4 Evaluation of the field performance of emerging water quality monitoring tools (C. Berho N. Guigues, A. Togola, S. Roy, A. M. Fouillac, I. Allan, G. A. Mills, R. Greenwood, B. Roig, C. Valat and N. Ulitzur). 4.5 Sampling uncertainty and environmental variability for trace elements on the Meuse River (A. Strugeon, N. Guigues and A. M. Fouillac).
PART FIVE: QUALITY ASSURANCE AND VALIDATION METHOD.
5.1 Preparation of reference materials for proficiency testing schemes (A. Sahuquillo ,M. Ricci, O. Bercaru, H. Emteborg, F. Ulberth, R. Morabito, C. Brunori, Y. Madrid, E. Rosenberg, K. Polyak and H. Muntau). 5.2 Participation of screening methods to proficiency testing schemes on the determination of priority susbstances in real water matrices organised in support of the WFD (C. Brunori, I. Ipolyi and R. Morabito). 5.3 Traceability and interlaboratory studies on yeast-based assays for the determination of oestrogenicity (R. Brix and D. Barcel).
PART SIX: INTEGRATION OF SCREENING METHODS IN WATER MONITORING STRATEGIES.
6.1 Assessing the impacts of alternative monitoring methods and tools on costs and decision making - Methodology and experience from case studies (H. Lckge, P. Strosser, N. Graveline, T. Dworak and J. D. Rinaudo). 6.2 Acceptance of screening methods by actors involved in water monitoring (D. Taverne).