Regulation, Enforcement and Governance in Environmental Law is a selection of some of the author's most important writings and is focused on material concerned with major themes concerning the nature of regulation, institutional arrangements, and enforcement that underlie the substantive detail of the law.
Regulation, Enforcement and Governance in Environmental Law is divided into six core chapters. Regulatory Reform is concerned with key issues concerning regulatory design, and in particular the current debates on whether traditional British approaches towards constructing regulatory sanctions are best suited to contemporary needs. It includes the text of the final report of Professor Macrory's recent Review of Regulatory Sanctions commissioned by the Cabinet Office. Institutional Reform and Change considers challenges to current institutional arrangements, including the need for a specialized environmental courts and tribunals, and the environmental implications of the major constitutional changes that have taken place in the United Kingdom in the last decade. The Dynamics of Environmental Law contains material which reflects on the shifting dynamics of environmental law as it copes with changing expectations of how we how we handle the development of new environmental standards, the opportunities of new technologies to assist enforcement, and the need to develop new notions of responsibility. The Courts and the Environment considers how the courts have grappled with the interpretation of environmental legislation and the development of legal principle. It is based on Professor Macrory's In Court analysis in ENDS Report, and covers some of the leading environmental cases over the last decade both in the European Court of Justice and the higher British courts. The last two chapters focus on the European dimensions. Europe and the Environment is largely concerned with key principles of European Community law such as environmental integration, free trade, and subsidiarity and how these influence and interact with the development of environmental law. The final chapter, Supra-national Enforcement of Environmental Law considers the enforcement of Community environmental law, and the unique mechanisms that have been developed under the European Treaty to ensure that Member States comply with their obligations.
The last thirty years has seen an unprecedented development in both the substantive body of environmental legislation and in thinking about underlying principles and institutional arrangements. With environmental challenges ever growing in scope and complexity, it becomes more important than ever to consider the role of law and the design of effective institutional arrangements to meet the demands that will face society. The material in Regulation, Enforcement and Governance of Environmental Law reflects the author's distinctive career as both a distinguished scholar and as someone with unrivalled experience of the environmental policy and legal world. The result is a collection that provides an insightful and important analysis for anyone concerned with the practice and future development of environmental law and policy.
Richard Macrory is a barrister with Brick Court Chambers and Professor of Environmental Law at University College London where he is director of the Centre for Law and the Environment. After qualifying as a barrister, he was legal advisor at Friends of the Earth between 1975 and 1978, and then joined Imperial College, where in 1991 he became the first Professor of Environmental Law in the United Kingdom. Richard Macrory was the first chairman of the UK Environmental Law Association and founding editor of the Journal of Environmental Law. He has been Standing Counsel to the Council for the Protection of Rural England, was a member of the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution for eleven years, and was chair of the steering board of European Environmental Advisory Councils in 2001-2. Professor Macrory has been a specialist advisor to select committees in both the House of Commons and the House of Lords. Between 1999 and 2004 he was a board member of the Environment Agency of England and Wales, and was Hon. President of the National Council for Clean Air and Environmental Protection in 2004-5. In 2005-6 he was appointed by the Cabinet Office to conduct the Review on Regulatory Sanctions. He was hon. chairman of Merchant Ivory film productions for almost twenty years. Richard Macrory is the author of over 100 published articles and books on environmental law currently. He is currently legal correspondent to ENDS Report, and in 2006 was appointed a member of General Electric's Ecomagination Board. In 2000 he was awarded the C.B.E, for services to law and the environment.