In the last decade, media reports of increasingly high number of gelatinous plankton blooms have increased with thousands of tourists stung, fisheries harmed or even impaired by jellyfish that eat fish eggs and larvae, and coastal plants stopped by gelatinous masses. It is clear that a new type of human approach to marine ecosystems is needed to confront phenomena such as jellyfish blooms. Review of Jellyfish Blooms in the Mediterranean and Black Sea provides an updated overview of this phenomenon in the Mediterranean and Black Sea and illustrates how the problem is affecting societies. It reviews current knowledge on gelatinous plankton in the affected region, providing a framework for its inclusion into fisheries science and the management of human activities such as tourism and coastal development. Fact sheets on the most important gelatinous plankters of the Mediterranean and Black Seas are included as an appendix.
Review of Jellyfish Blooms in the Mediterranean and Black Sea stems from the Workshop on Algal and Jellyfish Blooms in the Mediterranean and Black Sea, organized by the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) in Istanbul (Turkey) 6-8 October 2010.