Rock-Forming Minerals, Volume 3C: Sheet Silicates: Clay Minerals describes the structure, chemistry, optical and physical properties, distinguishing features and paragenesis of the minerals of the kaolin, mica and smectite groups, as well as vermiculite, palygorskite, sepiolite, mixed-layer and interlayered clay minerals. Emphasis is placed on the chemical and physical properties that distinguish clay minerals from the non-clay minerals, such as their ion exchange, adsorption, selectivity and fixation properties, their ability to form organic complexes, their interactions with water and their colloidal characteristics. Diagnostic characteristics of the individual clay minerals are described, as determined particularly by X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy and electron microscopy.
Clay Minerals is an essential reference work for professionals and students engaged in research in geology, soil science, environmental science, materials science and related fields of chemistry and physics, as well as those involved in the many industries where clays are used or encountered such as building and construction, petroleum exploration and production, pharmaceutical, ceramics and paper manufacturing.
Abbreviations and Symbols
Preface to the First Edition
Preface to the Second Edition
Kaolin Clay Minerals
Mica Clay Minerals
Smectite Clay Minerals
Mixed-Layer Clay Minerals
Regular Mixed-Layer Minerals
Random and Long-range Ordered Mixed-Layer Minerals
Illite/Vermiculite (I/V) and Mica/Vermiculite (M/V)
Chlorite/Smectite (C/S) and Chlorite/Vermiculite (C/V)
Interlayered Clay Minerals
Palygorskite and Sepiolite Clay Minerals
"This long awaited 2nd edition to Deer, Howie and Zussman's landmark Rock-Forming Minerals series, presents a significant revision and re-organisation of the volume on these important sheet silicate minerals. The edition reflects the fundamental advances made in clay mineral science during the period since the initial publication in 1961. The volume is exceptionally well written, with clear and appropriate figures, diagrams and XRD, microprobe and mineral-chemical data-tables. The author is to be congratulated on an excellent revision, which will remain as the foremost research reference work in the field for many years to come."
– Mark Griffin, Geoscientist Vol. 24 No. 3 April 2014