Diagenesis affects all sediments after their deposition and includes a fundamental suite of physical, chemical and biological processes that control the texture, mineralogy and fluid-flow properties of sedimentary rocks. Understanding the processes and products of diagenesis is thus a critical component in the analysis of the evolution of sedimentary basins, and has practical implications for subsurface porosity destruction, preservation and generation. This in turn is of great relevance to the petroleum and water industries, as well as to the location and nature of some economic mineral deposits.This volume brings together key papers in sandstone diagenesis published in Sedimentology over the past 30 years, recording the development of diagenesis as a subject from the description of grain shapes through provenance, petrography and analytical geochemistry to predictive models of diagenetic process. The key papers are separated into themes that describe early and burial diagenetic processes. There is also an introduction to provide a contextual framework for the papers included in the compilation that provides definitions and explanations of the terms and concepts used in diagenesis. As such the book will be of value to students of sedimentology, earth surface processes and environmental geochemistry at undergraduate and post-graduate levels, as well as providing a reference guide for researchers in the field of sandstone diagenesis.
Introduction 1. Sandstone Diagenesis - The Evolution Of Sand To Stone: R.H. Worden And S.D. Burley Eogenesis (Early Diagenesis) Marine Eogenesis Early Diagenetic Iron Sulphide In Recent Sediments Of The Wash (England): L.G. Love. Sedimentology (1967) 9, 327 - 352 Formation Of Siderite - Mg-Clacite - Iron Sulphide Concretions In Intertidal Marsh And Sandflat Sediments, North Norfolk, England: K. Pye, J.A.D. Dickson, N. Schiavon, M.L. Coleman And M. Cox Sedimentology (1990) 37, 325 - 343 Origin Of Authigenic Carbonates In Sediment From The Deep Bering Sea: J.R. Hein, J.R. O'neill And M.G. Jones Sedimentology (1979) 26, 681 - 705 De Glauconiarum Origine: G.S. Odin And A. Matter Sedimentology (1981) 28 611 - 641 Low-Mg Calcite Marine Cement In Cretaceous Turbidites: Origin, Spatial Distribution And Relationship To Seawater Chemistry: J.P. Hendry, N.H. Trewin And A.E. Fallick Sedimentology (1996) 43, 877 - 900 The Concretions Of The Bearreraig Sandstone Formation: Geometry And Geochemistry: M. Wilkinson Sedimentology (1991) 38, 899 - 912 Non-Marine Eogenesis 1: Warm And Wet Environments The Anatomy Of An Early Dinantian Terraced Floodplain: Palaeo-Environment And Early Diagenesis: J.E. Andrews, M.S. Turner, G. Nabi And B. Spiro Sedimentology (1991) 38, 271 - 287 Early Diagenetic Siderite As An Indicator Of Depositional Environment In The Triassic Rewan Group, Southern Bowen Basin, Eastern Australia: J.C. Baker, J. Kassan And P.J. Hamilton Sedimentology (1995) 43, 77 - 88 Early Diagenetic Spherulitic Siderites From Pennsylvanian Palaeosols In The Boss Point Formation, Maritime Canada: G.H. Browne And D.M. Kingston Sedimentology (1993) 40, 467 - 474 Early Diagenesis And Its Relationship To Depositional Environment And Relative Sea-Level Fluctuations (Upper Cretaceous Marshybank Formation, Alberta And British Columbia): J.L. Mckay, F.J. Longstaffe And A.G. Plint Sedimentology (1995) 42, 161 - 190 Non-Marine Eogenesis 2: Dry And Hot Environments Diagenetic Alunite In Clastic Sequences, Kuwait, Arabian Gulf: F.I. Khalaf Sedimentology (1990) 37, 155 - 164 Nodular Silcretes Of The Cypress Hills Formation (Upper Eocene To Middle Miocene) Of Southern Saskatchewan, Canada: D.A. Leckie And R.J. Cheel Sedimentology (1990) 37, 445 - 454 Rock Varnish In The Sonoran Desert: Microbiologically Mediated Accumulation Of Manganiferous Sediments [Abstract And Sems Only: B. Nagy, L.A. Nagy, M.J. Rigali, W.D. Jones, D.H. Krinsley And N.A. Sinclair Sedimentology (1991) 38, 1153 - 1171 Models Of Rock Varnish Formation Constrained By High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy [Abstract Only]: D. Krinsley Sedimentology (1998) 45, 711 - 725 Calcretes Related To Phreatophytic Vegetation From The Middle Triassic Otter Sandstone Of South West England: K. Purvis And V.P. Wright Sedimentology (1991) 38, 539 - 551 Zeolitic Diagenesis Of Late Quaternary Fluviolacustrine Sediments And Associated Calcrete Formation In The Lake Bogoria Basin, Kenya Rift Valley [Abstract Only]: R.W. Renaut Sedimentology (1993) 40, 271 - 301 Groundwater Dolocretes From The Upper Triassic Of The Paris Basin, France: A Case Study Of An Arid, Continental Diagenetic Facies: C. Spotl And V.P. Wright Sedimentology (1992) 39, 1119 - 1136 Mesogenesis (Burial Diagenesis) Quartz-Related Mesogenesis Formation Of Quartz Overgrowths In The Penrith Sandstone (Lower Permian) Of Northwest England As Revealed By Scanning Electron Microscopy: B. Waugh Sedimentology (1970) 14, 309 - 320 A Scale Of Dissolution For Quartz And Its Implications For Diagenetic Processes In Sandstones: A.R. Hurst Sedimentology (1981) 28, 451 - 459 Thin Section And S.E.M. Textural Criteria For The Recognition Of Cement-Dissolution Porosity In Sandstones: S.D. Burley And J.D. Kantorowicz Sedimentology (1986) 33, 587 - 604 A Numerical Model For Porosity Modification At A Sandstone - Mudstone Boundary By Quartz Pressure Dissolution And Diffusive Mass Transfer: A.M. Mullis Sedimentology (1992) 39, 99 - 107 Origin Of Quartz Cements In Some Sandstones From The Jurassic Of The Inner Moray Firth (Uk): G.B. Vagle, A. Hurst And H. Dypvik Sedimentology (1994) 41, 363 - 377 Carbonate Cement-Dominated Mesogenesis Geochemistry Of Carbonate Cements In The Sag River And Shublik Formations (Triassic/Jurassic), North Slope, Alaska: Implications For The Geochemical Evolution Of Formation Waters: P.S. Mozley And K. Hoernle Sedimentology (1990) 37, 817 - 836 Burial Dolomitization And Porosity Development In A Mixed Carbonate-Clastic Sequence: An Example From The Bowland Basin, Northern England: R.L. Gawthorpe Sedimentology (1987) 34, 533 - 558 Clay And Aluminosilicate Mineral-Related Mesogenesis Diagenetic Origin Of Graywacke Matrix Minerals: J.T. Whetten And J.W. Hawkins Jr . Sedimentology (1970) 15, 347 - 361 Diagenetic Origin Of Graywacke Matrix Minerals: A Discussion: J.P.B. Lovell. Sedimentology (1972) 19, 141 - 143 Diagenetic Origin Of Graywacke Matrix Minerals: A Reply: J.T. Whetten And J.W. Hawkins Jr Sedimentology (1972) 19, 144 - 146 Diagenesis Of Sandstones In The Back-Arc Basins Of The Western Pacific Ocean: Y.I. Lee And G.Dev. Klein Sedimentology (1986) 33, 651 - 675 Diagenetic K-Feldspar Pseudomorphs In The Triassic Buntsandstein Sandstones Of The Iberian Range, Spain: S. Morad, R. Marfil And J.A De La Pena Sedimentology (1989) 36, 635 - 650 Zeolites In Sedimentary Rocks, With Reference To The Depositional Environments And Zonal Distribution [Abstract Only]: A. Iijima And M. Utada Sedimentology (1966) 7, 327 - 357 Diagenesis Of The Newark Rift Basin, Eastern North America [Abstract Only]: M. El Tabakh And B.C. Schreiber Sedimentology (1998) 45, 855 - 874 The Origin Of Faceted Garnets In Sandstones: Dissolution Or Overgrowth? A.C. Morton, G. Borg, P.L. Hansley, P.D.W. Haughton, D.H. Krinsley And P. Trusty Sedimentology (1989) 36, 927 - 942 Effect Of Oil On Sandstone Mesogenesis Comparison Of Post-Sedimentary Alterations Of Oil-, Gas- And Water-Bearing Rocks: R.M. Yurkova Sedimentology (1970) 15, 53 - 68 Plagioclase Dissolution Related To Biodegradation Of Oil In Brent Group Sandstones (Middle Jurassic) Of Gullfaks Field, Northern North Sea: S.N. Ehrenberg And K.G Jakobsen Sedimentology (2001) 48, 703 - 721 Integrated Time-, Temperature- And Water Compositional-Analyisis Of Sandstone Mesogenesis Diagenesis And Reservoir Quality Of The Aldebaran Sandstone, Denison Trough, East-Central Queensland, Australia: J.C. Baker Sedimentology (1991) 38, 819 - 838 Diagenesis And Formation Water Chemistry Of Triassic Reservoir Sandstones From Southern Tunisia: S. Morad, H.N. Ben Ismail, L.F. De Ros, I.S. Al-Aasm And N.-E. Serrhini Sedimentology (1994) 41, 1253 - 1272 The Petrology And Diagenesis Of Middle Jurassic Clastic Sediments, Ravenscar Group, Yorkshire: J.D. KANTOROWICZ Sedimentology (1985) 32, 833 - 853Telogenesis (Uplift Related Diagenesis) The Role Of The Late Cimmerian Unconformity For The Distribution Of Kaolinite In The Gullfaks Field, Northern North Sea: P.A. Bjorkum, R. Mjos, O. Walderhaug And A. Hurst. Sedimentology (1990) 37, 395 - 406 Index
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Justine Burley is Simon Fellow in the Department of Government, University of Manchester and Lecturer in Politics at Exeter College, Oxford. She is editor of The Genetic Revolution and Human Rights (1998), the Oxford Amnesty Lectures for 1998, which she co--organized. John Harris is Sir David Alliance Professor of Bioethics at the University of Manchester where he is also Director of the Centre for Social Ethics and Policy and Academic Director of the Institute of Medicine, Law and Bioethics. He is the author of Violence and Responsibility (1980), The Value of Life (1985), Wonderwoman and Superman (1992, and Clones, Genes and Immortality (1998). He has also co--edited Experiments on Embryos (1990), Ethics and Biotechnology (1994), and The Future of Human Reproduction (1998).