About this book
This volume emphasizes that space and spatial features are essential considerations in ecology in terms of both theory and practice. It also discusses the mathematical challenges in advancing the role of space in ecology. Exploring emerging challenges in spatial ecology, the book covers bioeconomics and space, scale and the structure of landscapes in spatial ecology, epidemiology from the perspective of spatial ecology, community structure in space, and the evolutionary aspects of spatial ecology. It also describes the evolution of the species, ranges and phyllogeography, and stochastic approaches to spatial problems.
Competition Dynamics in a Seasonally Varying Wetland Don L. DeAngelis, Joel C. Trexler, and Douglas D. Donalson; Introduction; Model; Results; Discussion; Appendix; Spatial Dynamics of Multi-Trophic Communities Priyanga Amarasekare; Introduction; Theoretical Framework; Results; Discussion and Conclusions; Appendix: Spatial Models; Bistability Dynamics in Structured Ecological Models Jifa Jiang and Junping Shi; Non-Structured Models; Diffusion Induced Bistability and Hysteresis; Threshold Manifold; Concluding Remarks; Modeling Animal Movement with Diffusion Otso Ovaskainen and Elizabeth E. Crone; Introduction; Advection-Diffusion in Heterogeneous Environments; Application: Wolf Movement in a Mountainous Landscape; Applications of Diffusion Models; Conclusions; Riverine Landscapes: Ecology for an Alternative Geometry William F. Fagan, Evan H. Campbell Grant, Heather J. Lynch, and Peter J. Unmack; Spatial Ecology; Dendritic Landscapes; Colonization and Extinction; Metapopulation Model; Extinction in Fishes; Conclusion; Biological Modeling with Quiescent Phases Karl P. Hadeler, Thomas Hillen, and Mark A. Lewis; Introduction; Diffusive Coupling and Quiescence; Stationary States and Stability; Periodic Orbits; Rates Depending on Density; Slow Dynamics; Delay Equations; Spread in Space; Applications; Discussion; Spatial Scale and Population Dynamics in Advective Media Roger M. Nisbet, Kurt E. Anderson, Edward McCauley, and Ulrike Feudel; Introduction; Models; Population Persistence and the Drift Paradox; Response to Abiotic Forcing; Directions for Future Research; Using Multivariate State-Space Models to Study Spatial Structure and Dynamics Richard A. Hinrichsen and Elizabeth E. Holmes; Introduction; Multivariate State-Space Models; Population Structure; Parameter Estimation; Model Selection; Snake River Chinook; Discussion; Incorporating the Spatial Configuration of the Habitat into Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Ilkka Hanski; Introduction; Modeling Migration in Fragmented Landscapes; Metapopulation Dynamics; Metacommunity Dynamics of Competing Species; Genetic and Evolutionary Dynamics; Conclusion; Metapopulation Perspectives on the Evolution of Species' Niches Robert D. Holt and Michael Barfield; Introduction; Models for Adaptive Colonization into Sink Habitats; An Island-Mainland Model with Infrequent Adaptive Colonization; Gene Flow and Population Extinction; A Metapopulation Model with Maladaptive Gene Flow; Discussion; Evolution of Dispersal in Heterogeneous Landscapes Robert Stephen Cantrell, Chris Cosner, and Yuan Lou; Introduction; Random Dispersal: Evolution of Slow Dispersal; Random Dispersal vs Conditional Dispersal; Evolution of Conditional Dispersal; Dispersal and the Ideal Free Distribution; Dispersal in Temporally Varying Environments; Future Directions; Evolution of Dispersal Scale and Shape in Heterogeneous Environments: A Correlation Equation Approach Benjamin M. Bolker; Introduction; Methods; Results; Discussion and Conclusions; Spatiotemporal Dynamics of Measles: Synchrony and Persistence in a Disease Metapopulation Alun L. Lloyd and Lisa Sattenspiel; Introduction; Data Sources; Local Dynamics: Periodicity and Endemic Fadeout; Regional Persistence and Spatial Synchrony; Spatial Synchrony among Large Population Centers; Reinvasion Waves and Phase Relationships; Discussion; Rules of Thumb for the Control of Vector-Borne Diseases in a Spatial Environment Matthew D. Potts and Tristan Kimbrell; Introduction; Model Specification; Results; Discussion; Conclusion; Modeling Spatial Spread of Communicable Diseases Involving Animal Hosts Shigui Ruan and Jianhong Wu; Introduction; Rabies; Dengue; West Nile Virus; Hantavirus; Lyme Disease; Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV); Summary; Economically Optimal Management of a Metapopulation James N. Sanchirico and James E. Wilen; Spatial Ecology; Optimization; Optimal Spatial Dynamics; Cost of Ignoring Spatial Processes; Conclusion; Models of Harvesting Donald B. Olson; Introduction; Basic Model Formulation; Explicit Examples; Conclusions; Spatial Optimal Control of Renewable Resource Stocks Guillermo E. Herrera and Suzanne Lenhart; Introduction; ODE Models with Spatial Components; PDE Models; Conclusions; References appear at the end of each chapter.
The University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida, USA University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA University of Oxford, Oxford, England University of Oxford, England Georgia Tech & Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Bioinformatics & Bio Computing, Weizmann Inst of Science, Is