Sustainable Water for the Future is part of a series on sustainability. Specifically, it deals with the issue of sustainable water use. Fresh sources of potable water are being depleted across the world. Pure water is the goal of water utilities as well as several industries. Well past the experimental stage, membrane processes are now a proven and reliable method of providing high-quality, cost-effective water. Membrane technologies have immediate applications to treatment of fresh, brackish and sea waters, as well as wastewater reclamation. With innovative module design and engineering, micro- and ultra-filtrations have become effective and economical for drinking water production, particularly for removal of microorganisms. Membrane bioreactors are being developed for municipal and industrial water recycling. Various membrane processes are also used to remove contaminants from industrial wastewaters.
Sustainable Water for the Future covers the fundamental and practical concepts and issues regarding the application of membrane technologies for sustainable water treatment. It describes and compares the effectiveness of desalination versus water recycling for long-term sustainable water use.
PART I – Water Situation
1.An Overview of the Global Water Situation
2. Global Desalination Situation
3. Global Water Recycling Situation
PART II – Desalination Technologies
4. Desalination – Reverse Osmosis and Membrane Distillation
5. Salinity Gradient Energy
6. Ion-Exchange Membrane Processes in Water Treatment
Part III – Water Recycling Technologies
7. Micropollutants in Water Recycling: A case study of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) exposure from water versus food
8. TiO2-Based Advanced Oxidation Nanotechnologies for Water Purification and Reuse
9. Membrane Bioreactors – Theory and Applications to Wastewater Reuse
Part IV – Concentrate Disposal Options
10. Concentrate Treatment for Inland Desalting
11. Inland Desalination: Current Practices, Environmental Implications, and Case Studies in Las Vegas, NV
Part V – Comparison of Desalination versus Water Recycling
12. Renewable Energy Powered Water Treatment Systems
13. Desalinated Versus Recycled Water – What Does the Public Think?
14. Conclusion – A Summary of Challenges still Facing Desalination and Water Reuse