Fragility functions constitute an emerging tool for the probabilistic seismic risk assessment of buildings, infrastructures and lifeline systems. The work presented in SYNER-G: Typology Definition and Fragility Functions for Physical Elements at Seismic Risk is a partial product of a European Union funded research project SYNER-G (FP7 Theme 6: Environment) where existing knowledge has been reviewed in order to extract the most appropriate fragility functions for the vulnerability analysis and loss estimation of the majority of structures and civil works exposed to earthquake hazard. Results of other relevant European projects and international initiatives are also incorporated in SYNER-G: Typology Definition and Fragility Functions for Physical Elements at Seismic Risk. In several cases new fragility and vulnerability functions have been developed in order to better represent the specific characteristics of European elements at risk.
Several European and non-European institutes and Universities collaborated efficiently to capitalize upon existing knowledge. State-of-the-art methods are described, existing fragility curves are reviewed and, where necessary, new ones are proposed for buildings, lifelines, transportation infrastructures as well as for utilities and critical facilities. Taxonomy and typology definitions are synthesized and the treatment of related uncertainties is discussed. A fragility function manager tool and fragility functions in electronic form are provided on extras.springer.com. SYNER-G: Typology Definition and Fragility Functions for Physical Elements at Seismic Risk aims to be a standard reference on the fragility functions to be used for the seismic vulnerability and probabilistic risk assessment of the most important elements at risk. It is of particular interest to earthquake engineers, scientists and researchers working in the field of earthquake risk assessment, as well as the insurance industry, civil protection and emergency management agencies.
1 Introduction Kyriazis Pitilakis, Helen Crowley and Amir M. Kaynia
2 Modeling and Propagation of Uncertainties Paolo Emilio Pinto
3 Evaluation of Existing Fragility Curves Tiziana Rossetto, Dina D'Ayala, Ioanna Ioannou and Abdelghani Meslem
4 Epistemic Uncertainty in Fragility Functions for European RC Buildings Helen Crowley, Miriam Colombi and Vitor Silva
5 Fragility Functions of Masonry Buildings Sergio Lagomarsino and Serena Cattari
6 Fragility Functions of Electric Power Stations Francesco Cavalieri, Paolo Franchin and Paolo Emilio Pinto
7 Fragility Functions of Gas and Oil Networks Pierre Gehl, Nicolas Desramaut, Arnaud Reveillere and Hormoz Modaressi
8 Fragility Functions of Water and Waste-Water Systems Kalliopi Kakderi and Sotiris Argyroudis
9 Fragility Functions of Road and Railway Bridges Georgios Tsionis and Michael N. Fardis
10 Fragility Functions of Highway and Railway Infrastructure Sotiris Argyroudis and Amir M. Kaynia
11 Fragility Functions of Harbor Elements Kalliopi Kakderi and Kyriazis Pitilakis
12 Component Fragilities and System Performance of Health Care Facilities Alessio Lupoi, Francesco Cavalieri, Paolo Franchin
13 Fragility Function Manager Tool Vitor Silva, Helen Crowley and Miriam Colombi
14 Recommendations for Future Directions in Fragility Function Research Kyriazis Pitilakis and Helen Crowley