This book features contributions by leading researchers in the field of primatology.
There have been major advances in primatology research in recent decades, especially in terms of revealing evolutionary connections between nonhuman primates and humans in the contexts of social behavior, social dynamics, and social cognition. In response, a spirited international symposium was held in July 2017 to discuss recent developments in Chinese primatology. Though the field has grown considerably in China and become very active in the past two decades, it remains largely disconnected from the international scientific community, due in no small part to language barriers.
During the symposium, the participants therefore agreed to summarize the multi-disciplinary results of one of China's main primatological research projects on the endemic Tibetan macaque, which had continued for over 30 years, but which had never been reported on systematically. Dedicated to this exceptional Old World monkey, this open access volume makes the work of Chinese primatologists on the social behavior, cooperation, culture, cognition, group dynamics, and emerging technologies in primate research accessible to the international scientific community.
Part I. Introduction
1. Recent developments in primatology and their relevance for studies of Tibetan macaques / Lixing Sun, Jin-Hua Li, Cedric Sueur, Paul A. Garber, Claudia Fichtel, and Peter M. Kappeler
Part II. Social Behavior and Dynamics in Tibetan macaques
2. The Tibetan macaque as a model for understanding primate behavior and evolution / Jin-Hua Li, and Peter Kappeler
3. How social mobility relates to societal stability: a new insight from Tibetan macaques and its implications in human societies / Lixing Sun, Dong-Po Xia, and Jin-Hua Li
4. Internal mechanism for group satiability in Tibetan macaques: behavioural exchange and biological markets / Dong-Po Xia, Paul A. Garber, and Cedric Sueur
5. Collective movement and decision making in Tibetan macaques / Xi Wang, and Claudia Fichtel
6. Playing around: the significance of juvenile play / Jessica A. Mayhew
7. The vocal repertoire of Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana) and congeneric comparisons / Sofia K. Blue
8. A review of Tibetan macaque social structure: female dominance styles, biological markets principles, and male-male social tolerance / Krishna N. Balasubramaniam, Hideshi Ogawa, Jin-hua Li, and Carol M. Berman
Part III. Evolution of rituals: insights from macaque bridging behaviour
9. Female-female bridging behaviour in Tibetan macaques / Lori K. Sheeran, and Dao Zhang
10. Bridging behaviour and male-infant interactions in Macaca assamiensis in Nepal and Thailand: Comparison with those in M. thibetana in China / Hideshi Ogawa
Part IV. Living with microbes, parasites, and disease
11. The gut microbiome diversity, sociality, and adaptive evolution in free-ranging Tibetan macaques / Binghua Sun
12. The influences of ancestral, sociodemographic, and anthropogenic factors on macaque sociality and zoonotic infection risk / Krishna N. Blasubramaniam
13. The medicinal diet of macaques as a parasite control strategy: is there a case for Tibetan macaques? / Michael A. Huffman, Binghua Sun, and Jin-Hua Li
14. Social network structure and infectious agent risk: insights from Japanese and rhesus macaques / Krishna N. Balasubramaniam, Cedric Sueur, and Andrew J. J. MacIntosh
Part V. Emerging technologies in primatology
15. iPrimate : insights form technological advances in primatology / Amy R. Klegart, and Agustin Fuentes
16. New imaging technologies for behavioral, cognitive, and medical studies in primates / Yong Zhu, and Paul A. Garber
17. Genetic and epigenetics methods in primatology as illustrated in a case study of folate utilization / Jian-Yuan Zhao
Prof. Jin-Hua Li (Ph.D., Peking University - Department of Psychology, 1998) is a Vice-President and Professor of Hefei Normal University and Professor and Head & PI of Primate Research Group of Anhui University. For over three decades, he has dedicated to primate research (with special interest in behavioral ecology and social evolution) and conducted field studies on the Tibetan macaque for 33 continuous years in Huangshan, China since 1986. With more than 80 original research articles, he also authored two academic books, one of which is The Tibetan Macaque Society: A Field Study, which is well read in especially China and Japan. His research accomplishments have led to invitations from several universities in the US and Japan (including University of Washington, Central Washington University, Emory University, and Kyoto University). He has also served the editorial boards of several academic journals including Current Zoology and Journal of Mammalogy (Acta Theriologica Sinica).
Prof. Lixing Sun (Ph.D., State University of New York - College of Environmental Science and Forestry, 1996) is a behavioral ecologist and evolutionary biologist who has worked on a variety of species including deer, rodents, pandas, birds, and amphibians before focusing on primates in 2004. His current research lies in primate social structure, social networks, and social cognition with a long-term goal of a better understanding of human nature and human societies from an evolutionary perspective. He has authored/co-authored more than 60 original research papers nine book chapters, and four books including the acclaimed Beaver: Life History of a Wetland Engineer (Cornell University Press, 2004) and The Fairness Instinct (Prometheus Books, 2013). He also served as Associate Editor for Current Zoology and is an editorial board member of several academic journals.
Prof. Peter Kappeler (Ph.D., Duke University, 1992) holds a chair for Sociobiology/Anthropology at the University of Goettingen and is the head of the Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology Unit at the German Primate Center. He studied Biology and Psychology at the University of Tubingen and at Duke University. As a postdoc, he worked at the German Primate Center and obtained his Habilitation in Tropical Ecology from the University of Wurzburg. Before moving to his present position, he was the head of the Behavioral Ecology Department at Leipzig University. His research interests focus on the social systems of non-human primates. For the past 25 years, his empirical work has focused on the social and mating systems of Malagasy primates, carnivores and birds, which he and his students have been studying at Kirindy Forest. He has authored more than 200 peer-reviewed papers in top scientific journals, and authored or edited 15 books and special issues, including The Lemurs of Madagascar and a (German) textbook on animal behavior. He is a long-term editor of the journal Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology.
"One of the most impressive Asian monkeys, and the largest member of its genus, the Tibetan macaque deserves to be better known. This volume goes a long way towards bringing this species into the spotlight with many excellent behavioral analyses from the field."
– Frans de Waal, Professor of Psychology, Emory University, USA
"Macaques matter. To understand primate patterns and trends, and to gain important insight into humanity, we need to augment and expand our engagement with the most successful and widespread primate genus aside from Homo. This volume focuses on the Tibetan macaque, a fascinating species with much to tell us about social behavior, physiology, complexity and the macaque knack for interfacing with humans. This book is doubly important for primatology in that beyond containing core information on this macaque species, it also reflects an effective integrated collaboration between Chinese scholars and a range of international colleagues – exactly the type of collaborative engagement primatology needs. This volume is a critical contribution to a global primatology."
– Agustín Fuentes, Professor of Anthropology, University of Notre Dame, USA
"I have many fond memories of my association with Mt. Huangshan research beginning in 1983, when together with Professor Qishan Wang we established this site. It is such a beautiful place and I miss it. It is gratifying to see how far research has progressed since we began work there, becoming more internationalized and very much a collaborative endeavor under the long-term direction of Professor Jin-Hua Li and colleagues. This book highlights the increased interest in this species, representing a variety of disciplines ranging from macro aspects of behavior, cognition and sociality, to micro aspects of microbes, parasites and disease, authored by a group of renowned Chinese and international primatologists. I applaud their efforts and expect more interesting work to come from this site in the years ahead."
– Kazuo Wada, Professor Emeritus, Kyoto University, Japan