"Zoo animals" as a population are a diverse array of species from all around the globe. When managed in captivity, it is important that key aspects of natural ecology are factored into animal care, as well as considerations relating to welfare, life history and behavioural needs. The Behavioural Biology of Zoo Animals is the first book on captive animal behaviour and how this applies to welfare.
The book enables all aspects of zoo husbandry and management (nutrition, enclosure design, handling and training, enrichment, population management) to be based on a sound knowledge of the species, its evolutionary history and its natural history. Chapters from expert authors cover a vast range of taxa, from primates and elephants to marine mammals and freshwater fish, to reptiles, birds and invertebrates. A final part looks to the future, considering animal health and wellbeing, the visitor experience and future visions for zoos and aquariums.
For on-the-ground practitioners as well as students of zoo biology, animal science and welfare, this book provides an explanation of key areas of behavioural biology that are important to fulfilling the aims of the modern zoo (conservation, education, research and recreation). It explains how evidence from the wild can be implemented into captive care to support the wider aims of the zoo, shedding light on the evidence-based approaches applied to zoo biology and animal management.
Foreword by Geoff Hosey
Part I Setting the Scene
1. Introduction to the Behavioural Biology of the Zoo / Paul Rose
2. Behavioural Biology in Animal Collection Planning and Conservation / Jessica Harley
3. Behavioural Biology, Conservation Genomics and Population Viability / David J. Wright
4. Behavioural Biology, Applied Zoo Science and Research / Ricardo Lemos de Figueiredo and María Díez-León
5. Behavioural Biology Methods and Data Collection in the Zoo / Jack Lewton & Samantha Ward
Part II Selected Taxonomic Accounts
6. The Behavioural Biology of Primates / Lisa M. Riley
7. The Behavioural Biology of Ungulates and Elephants / Ian Hickey, Paul Rose and Lewis Rowden
8. The Behavioural Biology of Carnivores / Kerry A. Hunt
9. The Behavioural Biology of Marine Mammals / Louise Bell and Michael Weiss
10. The Behavioural Biology of Marsupials and Monotremes / Marianne Freeman
11. The Behavioural Biology of Flightless Birds / Lisa Ward and Linda Henry
12. The Behavioural Biology of Waterbirds / Paul Rose, Andrew Mooney and Joanna Klass
13. Behavioural Biology of Parrots / John E. Andrews
14. The Behavioural Biology of Hornbills, Toucans and Kingfishers / Jonathan Beilby
15. The Behavioural Biology of Passerines / Phillip Greenwell and Jonathan Beilby
16. The Behavioural Biology of Captive Reptiles / Steve Nash
17. The Behavioural Biology of Amphibians / Jack Boultwood
18. The Behavioural Biology of Freshwater Fishes / Chloe Stevens, Matthew Fiddes and Paul Rose
19. The Behavioural Biology of Marine Fishes and Sharks / Christopher Sturdy, Georgia Jones and Jake Scales
20. Behavioural Biology of Invertebrates / James E. Brereton
Part III For the Future
21. Behavioural Biology and Zoo Animal Welfare: For the Future / Lisa Riley, María Díez León and Paul Rose
22. Behavioural Biology and Animal Health and Wellbeing / Michelle O’Brien
23. Behavioural Biology and Enhancing Visitor Education and Experiences / Beau-Jensen McCubbin
24. Behavioural Biology and the Zoo as a Nature Reserve / James E. Brereton
25. Behavioural Biology for the Evidence-based Keeper / Christopher J. Michaels, Louise Jakobsen and Zoe Newnham
26. Behavioural Biology and the Future Zoo: Overall Conclusions / Paul Rose and Brent Huffman
Dr Paul Rose gained his PhD in 2018, investigating the behaviour and welfare of captive flamingos using a variety of methodological approaching including social networks analysis. He is a lecturer in the Psychology Department at the University of Exeter where he specialises in animal behaviour. Paul also works for the Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust (WWT) where he manages the Animal Welfare & Ethics Committee and is a research associate for WWT’s captive animal research programme. Paul is also a lecturer on the zoo animal management courses for University Centre Sparsholt. As a member of Defra’s Zoos Expert Committee, Paul writes and reviews policy pertaining to the running and licencing of zoos and aquariums. Paul is also co-chair of the IUCN Flamingo Specialist Group and is a member of the IUCN SSC Giraffe & Okapi Specialist Group. He is the co-chair of the BIAZA Research Committee and a member of the BIAZA Bird Working Group steering committee. Paul completed his first piece of in-zoo research in 2002 and has been professionally involved in zoo animal behaviour and welfare in an academic and practitioner capacity since 2006. His research predominantly focuses on behaviour and welfare, and evidence for zoo husbandry. He is a Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and a Fellow of the Zoological Society of London.
"The Behavioral Biology of Zoo Animals leverages the expertise of biologists to describe key aspects of a species' natural life history and behavioral ecology that can inform holistic, evidence-based animal management decisions to enhance the health and wellbeing of zoo and aquarium animals. The taxa covered in this text are remarkably diverse and extend beyond high-profile species, with entire chapters dedicated to historically under-represented taxonomic groups such as amphibians, reptiles, fishes, sharks, and invertebrates. The book is an eloquent synergy of scientific research and species-specific husbandry that looks into the future of how we manage animals in zoos and aquariums, making it a valuable resource for animal managers, administrators, scientists, veterinarians, and students alike."
– James Gillis, PhD, South-East Zoo Alliance for Reproduction & Conservation, Florida, USA
"This book emphasises the importance of applying behavioural ecology concepts to zoo animals and as such should have broad appeal to students from a range of biological disciplines from zoology to animal behaviour and animal management. It is particularly exciting to see emphasis placed on less studied (in zoos) taxonomic groups such as invertebrates and amphibians."
– Katherine Jones, PhD, Senior Lecturer in Zoology, Bangor University, UK