This book examines trade and trafficking in endangered animal species and how the trade increasingly puts large numbers of nonhuman species at risk. Focusing on illegal trafficking, The Crimes of Wildlife Trafficking also discusses the harmful aspects of the trade and trafficking which is taking place in concordance with laws and regulations. Drawing on the findings of empirical research from Norway and Colombia, the study discusses how this global, transnational trend is addressed, and features of the trade and the ways in which it is controlled in the two case study locations. It also explores the motives driving the trade, and the consequences in terms of animal abuse and environmental harm. The book discusses whether internationally agreed measures, such as international conventions, actually help prevent the trade. Possible ways to address the harms of wildlife trade are considered, including a total ban. The work draws on a green criminology and eco feminist theoretical framework to provide a broad perspective on concepts such as harm, animal rights, species justice and speciesism.
1. Introduction to the legal and illegal abduction, theriocide and trafficking of endangered animals
2. Methodology and ecophilosophical orientation
3. Animals and animal products trafficked to Norway
4. Court cases exemplifying the variations of wildlife trade and animal abuse
5. Trafficking within Norway and from Norway to other countries
6. The enforcement of CITES in Norway from the perspective of CITES control agencies
7. The keeping of exotic reptiles in Norway
8. Summary of the Norwegian case study
9. Wildlife trafficking in Colombia
10. The animal victims in Colombia and how they are abused
11. Responses to wildlife trafficking by the Colombian authorities
12. How to respond to the harms of wildlife trafficking
13. Animal victimization in Norway and Colombia
14. Mirror, mirror on the wall, who’s the wildest of them all?
Ragnhild Aslaug Sollund is a Professor of Criminology at the Department of Criminology and Sociology of Law, University of Oslo. Her research is in the field of green criminology, specifically wildlife crimes, and she has published widely on this and related areas.
"This book is destined to be a work of reference for anyone wishing to approach the study of trade and trafficking of wild animal species. Ragnhild Aslaug Sollund, a major figure in green criminology, has written a book that brings to fruition more than a decade of research on environmental crime, culminating in groundbreaking considerations in the field of justice, legality and morality [...] The revision of the regulation can only be born of academic works of this quality and honesty. Further, it is works like this that lead us – as individuals of the human species – to reconsider our place in the animal order and accept that the change is necessary if we do not want to end up extinguishing ourselves as a consequence of the harm that our actions cause to the planet in the era of Anthropocene."
– Fajardo del Castillo T (2019) International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy 8(3): 105-107
"I read The Crimes of Wildlife Trafficking with great enthusiasm and learned much from it. It is a worthy addition to our knowledge of the WLT and to nonspeciesist and green criminology in general."
– Piers Bierne, University of Southern Maine, USA. Critical Criminology
"The brilliance of The Crimes of Wildlife Trafficking lies in the provocative and stimulating manner in which it raises a host of really difficult moral, theoretical and practical questions [...] The book's strong moral thread, emphasising care and empathy for the animal 'other', means that it cannot possibly be read as a neutral, technical exercise of academic evaluation. Whether or not one agrees with its basic propositions, the reader cannot but pause to reflect on the fundamental questions of life, love and respect that it raises. For how we treat animals – whether in a legal framework or not – is essentially a statement about the human condition. The book is ostensibly about the wildlife trade. But it is much more than this, and we are better served because of it."
– Rob White, Distinguished Professor of Criminology, University of Tasmania, Australia