368 pages, 4 b/w photos, 61 b/w illustrations
Since the turn of the millennium, more than one million people have been killed and 2.3 billion others have been directly affected by natural disasters around the world. In cases like the 2010 Haiti earthquake or the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, these disasters have time and time again wrecked large populations and national infrastructures. While recognizing that improved rescue, evacuation, and disease control are crucial to reducing the effects of natural disasters, in the final analysis, poverty remains the main risk factor determining the long-term impact of natural hazards. Furthermore, natural disasters have themselves a tremendous impact on the poorest of the poor, who are often ill-prepared to deal with natural hazards and for whom a hurricane, an earthquake, or a drought can mean a permanent submersion in poverty.
The Economic Impacts of Natural Disasters focuses on these concerns for poverty and vulnerability. Written by a collection of esteemed scholars in disaster management and sustainable development, The Economic Impacts of Natural Disasters provides an overview of the general trends in natural disasters and their effects by focusing on a critical analysis of different methodologies used to assess the economic impact of natural disasters. Economic Impacts presents six national case studies (Bangladesh, Vietnam, India, Nicaragua, Japan and the Netherlands) and shows how household surveys and country-level macroeconomic data can analyze and quantify the economic impact of disasters. The researchers within Economic Impacts have created path-breaking work and have opened new avenues for thinking and debate to push forward the frontiers of knowledge on economics of natural disasters.
A great report and an important addition to the literature about the economics of disasters and the cost-effectiveness of prevention, mitigation and adaption, including a good number of interesting and relevant applications from developed and devloping countries.
- Javier E. Baez, Independent Evaluation Group, The World Bank
Foreword : Margareta Wahlstrom, Assistant Secretary General, United Nations
Chapter 1: The Frequency and Impact of Natural Disasters. Hoyois et al.
Chapter 2: The Inter-Linkages between Natural Disasters and Economic Development. Ajay Chhibber and Rachid Laajaj.
Chapter 3: The Impacts of Natural Disasters and the Economic Benefits of Preventing them: Methods and Applications. St#le Navrud and Kristin Magnussen.
Chapter 4: Cost-Benefit Analysis of Disaster Risk Management and Climate Adaptation: the Case of Bangladesh. Reinhard Mechler and Nabiul Islam.
Chapter 5: Challenges Ahead: Risk Management and Cost-Benefit Analysis in a Changing Climate. Stephane Hallegatte.
Chapter 6: Natural Disasters and the Insurance Industry. Angelika Wirtz.
Chapter 7: Natural Disaster Mitigation Policies. Ricardo Zapata-Marti.
Chapter 8: Natural Disasters in Vietnam: a Synthesis from a Socio-economic Perspective. Tran Huu Tuan and Bui Dung The.
Chapter 9: Natural Disaster Mitigation in West Bengal. Debesh Chakraborty et al.
Chapter 10: How do Households Manage the Effects of Natural Disasters? The Role of Inter-household Transfers in Nicaragua. Indhira Santos.
Chapter 11: The Economic Impact of Earthquakes on Households: Evidence from Japan. Yasuyuki Sawada.
Chapter 12: Urban and Non-agricultural Impacts of Flooding and their Assessments: the Case of Bangladesh. K.M. Nabiul Islam.
Chapter 13: The Economics of Flood Disaster Management in the Netherlands. Roy Brouwer and Marije Schaafsma.
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Debarati Gupa-Sapir is Director of the WHO Collaborating Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) and Professor at University of Louvain School of Public Health. Brussels Indhira Santos is a member of The World Bank