Since the birth of the mechanised paper industry in early nineteenth century Europe, the prospects of the global paper industry have changed dramatically. The relative importance of western paper markets has diminished due to declining prices, relative scarcity of cheap raw materials and high energy and labour costs. The increased demand for paper and paper products of all kinds in the rapidly developing BRIC countries has moved the centre of industrial activity from Europe and North America to Asia and South America.
This book presents an historical analysis of the global paper industry evolution from a comparative perspective. At the centre are 16 producing countries (Finland, Sweden, Norway, the USA, Germany, Canada, Japan, the UK, the Netherlands, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Chile, Brazil, Uruguay and Russia). A comparative study of the paper industry evolution can achieve the following important research objectives. First, we can identify the country specific historical features of paper industry evolution and compare them to the general business trends explicable by existing theoretical knowledge. Second, we can identify and isolate the factors causing both the rise and fall of industrial populations. Third, a shared research agenda can produce an intensive analysis of global industry dynamics. Finally, an extended research period of 250 years can identify what is truly unique in the paper industry evolution and the extent to which it took the same path as other important manufacturing industries.
List of Contributors
1. Research on Evolution and the Global History of Pulp and Paper Industry: An Introduction; Juha-Antti Lamberg, Jari Ojala, Mirva Peltoniemi and Timo Särkkä
2. The Evolution of Pulp and Paper Industries in Finland, Sweden and Norway 1800-2005; Joonas Järvinen, Jari Ojala, Anders Melander and Juha-Antti Lamberg
3. Waves of Technological Innovation: The Evolution of the US Pulp and Paper Industry, 1860-2000; Hannes Toivanen
4. The Paper Industry in Germany, 1800-2000; Olli Turunen
5. An Accomplished History, An Uncertain Future: Canada’s Pulp and Paper Industry Since the Early 1800s; Mark Kuhlberg
6. From the Non-European Tradition to a Variation on the Japanese Competitiveness Model: The Modern Japanese Paper Industry Since the 1870s; Takafumi Kurosawa and Tomoko Hashino
7. The British Paper Industry, 1800-2000; Timo Särkkä
8. The Paper and Board Industry in the Netherlands, 1800-2000; Bram Bouwens
9. Is there a Southern European model? Development of the Pulp and Paper Industry in Italy, Spain and Portugal (1800-2010); Miquel Gutiérrez-Poch
10. The South American Pulp and Paper Industry: The Cases Brazil, Chile and Uruguay; Maria Barbosa Lima-Toivanen
11. The Pulp and Paper Industry Evolution in Russia: A Road of Many Transitions; Olga Mashkina
12. Global Market for Paper Products: 2006-2050; Joonas Järvinen, Juha-Antti Lamberg, Tomi Nokelainen, Henrikki Tikkanen
13. The Evolution of the Global Paper Industry: Concluding Remarks; Jari Ojala, Miikka Voutilainen and Juha-Antti Lamberg
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