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The Virtuous Spiral A Guide to Sustainability for NGOs in International Development

Handbook / Manual
By: Alan Fowler
256 pages, Figs, tabs
Publisher: Earthscan
The Virtuous Spiral
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  • The Virtuous Spiral ISBN: 9781853836107 Paperback Dec 2000 Usually dispatched within 1-2 weeks
Selected version: £29.99
About this book Contents Customer reviews Biography Related titles

About this book

Sustainability is crucial for all institutions involved in international development. This work offers practical guidance on how to achieve it. There are three main kinds of sustainability and a section of the book is devoted to each: making the impact of the organization's work sustainable; ensuring continuity of funding; and making the organization itself sustainable to remain viable. Achieving all three creates a virtuous spiral. The book takes an organizational rather than a technical or impact-based approach to sustainability. It is based on extensive international research and offers many practical examples of sustainability and the difficult trade-offs involved.


What does sustainable development mean for NGDOs?; interventions for sustainable local impact; framework and indicators; options, strategies and trade-offs in resource mobilization; mobilizing non-financial resources; commercialization; finance from other sources; strategic choices for sustaining financial resources; regeneration through learning; regeneration through change; regeneration through leadership; the leader's legacy - creating a virtuous spiral.

Customer Reviews


Alan Fowler is a consultant, analyst and writer, currently resident in Ethiopia. For over 20 years he has worked with international development NGOs in Africa, Asia and the United States as manager, consultant, researcher, Ford Foundation Programme Officer and Visiting Fellow at The World Bank and the Society for Participatory Research in Asia, New Delhi. He is co-founder of the International NGO Training and Research and Centre (INTRAC) and a Director of the International Society for Third Sector Research. His popular book on enhancing NGO effectiveness, Striking a Balance, has been translated into Spanish, Russian and French.
Handbook / Manual
By: Alan Fowler
256 pages, Figs, tabs
Publisher: Earthscan
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