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Assesses important historical questions surrounding population growth and food supply to summarise the challenges of satisfying food demand during the 21st century. It documents the historical differences in food productivity between wealthy and poorer countries, and analyses the 'Green Revolution', technological and chemical advances from an economist's perspective.
Preface Acknowledgements Part I: Introduction 1.1 Our Focus 1.2 Chapter Outline Study Questions Part II: The Demand Side: How Population Growth and Higher Incomes Affect Food Consumption2.1 Classic Malthusianism, its Modern Variants, and its Critiques 2.2 Demographic Transition 2.3 Trends in Human Numbers, Past and Present 2.4 Food Consumption and Income 2.5 Demand Trends and Projections 2.6 Summary and Conclusions Study Questions Appendix: The Fundamental Economics of Demand Part III: The Supply Side: Agricultural Production and its Determinants 3.1 The Nature of Agriculture 3.2 Increases in Agricultural Supply 3.3 Has Intensification Run its Course? 3.4 Trends in Per-Capita Consumption Study Questions Appendix: The Fundamental Economics of Supply Part IV: Aligning the Consumption and Production of Food over Time4.1 The Desirability of Competitive Equilibrium 4.2 The Market Impacts of Commodity Programs 4.3 Historical Trends in the Scarcity of Agricultural Products 4.4 Outlook for the Twenty-First Century Study Questions Appendix: The Coordination of Decentralized Decision-Making Part V: Agriculture and the Environment 5.1 Environmental Trade-Offs 5.2 Market Failure 5.3 Environmental Deterioration in the Absence of Agricultural Intensification5.4 Agricultural Development and the Environment Study Questions Part VI: Globalization and Agriculture 6.1 The Theory of Comparative Advantage 6.2 The Net Costs of Trade Distortions 6.3 The Debate over Globalization 6.4 Agricultural Trade: Recent Trends and the Current Debate 6.5 Why Not More Trade? Study Questions Appendix: A Two-Country Illustration of Comparative Advantage Part VII: Agriculture and Economic Development 7.1 Growth and Economic Structure 7.2 Agriculture's Role in Economic Development 7.3 Trying to Develop at Agriculture's Expense 7.4 Agricultural Development for the Sake of Economic Growth and Diversification7.5 Summary and Conclusions Study Questions Part VIII: Striving for Food Security 8.1 What is Food Security? 8.2 Who and Where Are the Food-Insecure? 8.3 Achieving Food Security 8.4 The Food Security Synthesis and Economic Development 8.5 The Standard Model, Communitarian Values, and Economic EquityStudy Questions Part IX: A Synopsis of Regional Trends in the Global Food Economy9.1 Economic Growth and Income Distribution 9.2 Population Dynamics 9.3 Agriculture's Response to Demand Growth 9.4 Summary Study Questions Tables Part X : Affluent Nations 10.1 Standards of Living 10.2 Population Dynamics 10.3 The Food Economy 10.4 Dietary Change and Consumption Trends 10.5 Summary Study Questions Tables Part XI: Asia 11.1 Trends in GDP per Capita 11.2 Population Dynamics 11.3 Agricultural Development 11.4 Dietary Change, Consumption Trends, and Food Security 11.5 Summary Study Questions Tables Part XII: Latin America and the Caribbean 12.1 Trends in GDP per Capita 12.2 Population Dynamics 12.3 Agricultural Development 12.4 Dietary Change, Consumption Trends, and Food Security 12.5 Summary Study Questions Tables Part XIII: Middle East and North Africa 13.1 Trends in GDP per Capita 13.2 Population Dynamics 13.3 Agricultural Development 13.4 Dietary Change, Consumption Trends, and Food Security 13.5 Summary Study Questions Tables Part XIV: Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union 14.1 Patterns of Economic Growth since the Fall of Communism 14.2 Demographic Trends 14.3 The Agricultural Sector 14.4 Dietary Change, Consumption Trends, and Food Security 14.5 Summary Study Questions Tables Part XV: Sub-Saharan Africa 15.1 Trends in GDP per Capita 15.2 Demographic Trends 15.3 Agricultural Development 15.4 Consumption Trends and Food Security 15.5 Summary Study Questions Tables Part XVI: The Food Economy in the Twenty-First Century 16.1 Victims of Our Own Success? 16.2 The New Food Economy 16.3 The Changing Role of Government Study Questions Abbreviations and AcronymsMap AnnexReferencesIndex
Douglas Southgate is Professor of Natural Resource Economics in the Agricultural, Environmental, and Development Economics Department at Ohio State University. A natural resource economist by training, his previous books include Economic Progress and the Environment and Tropical Forest Conservation. Douglas H. Graham is Professor Emeritus of Rural Finance in the Agricultural, Environmental, and Development Economics Department at Ohio State University. Luther Tweeten is Emeritus Anderson Professor of Agricultural Marketing, Trade, and Policy in the Agriculture, Environmental, and Development Economics Department at Ohio State University. He is the author or co-author of over 500 journal articles and seven books, including Foundations of Farm Policy and Agricultural Trade: Principles and Policies.
The World Food Economy is an excellent book written by three well-known authors. This is a brilliant exposition of various dimensions of the world food problem. It is grounded in economic theory but written so that it is easily understood by people without a background in economics. Andrew Schmitz, University of Florida "This book is a must-read for those who wish to understand the world food economy, a contribution both to the layman's understanding and to the science." Barry L. Flinchbaugh, Kansas State University