328 pages, 12 illustrations, 32 tables
Human Development is widely recognised as the overriding goal of development, yet its realization is challenged by growing inequality, macro-economic fluctuations, and recurrent financial crises. This edited collection reflects on the work of Richard Jolly and includes contributions from leading scholars of development, all of whom have worked with Richard Jolly at varying points in his distinguished career.
Towards Human Development advances thinking in the area of Human Development by discussing the evolution of its conceptualization and the policy implications, and the achievements in related key areas such as education, social protection, and employment. It juxtaposes these theoretical and (at times) real life improvements with disturbing developments in terms of growing inequality and macro-economic instability. It documents the growing income inequality which has characterized both developing and developed countries. It shows that there has been a decline in some countries and identifies the policies adopted in these exceptional cases. It also shows also where and how public expenditure on Human Development in developing countries has been affected by the 2008 financial crisis and presents a new framework for a pro-growth pro-Human Development macro-economics, including suggestions for the countercyclical regulation of financial flows. Towards Human Development also argues that a series of disruptive factors are nudging the innovation trajectory in new potentially pro-poor and pro-Human Development directions, especially if policies speed-up the diffusion of new efficient appropriate technologies in low and middle income economies
1: Giovanni Andrea Cornia and Frances Stewart: Human Development, Inequality, and Macroeconomics: An Overview of Progress and Unresolved Problems
Part I: Sir Richard Jolly's Contribution to the Analysis of Economic Development
2: John Toye: The Achievements of an Optimistic Economist
Part II: Human Development and Inequality: Progress in Concepts and Policies?
3: Séverine Deneulin: Constructing New Policy Narratives: The Capability Approach as Normative Language
4: Christopher Colclough: Human Development as the Dominant Paradigm: What Counts as Success?
5: Ravi Kanbur: Social Protection: Consensus and Challenges
6: Robert H. Wade: The Strange Neglect of Income Inequality in Economics and Public Policy?
7: Frances Stewart: Justice, Horizontal Inequality, and Policy in Multi-Ethnic Societies
8: Rolph van der Hoeven: Employment, Poverty, and Development: Do We Have the Priorities Right?
Part III: Structural Adjustment, New Macroeconomic Approaches and Remaining Challenges
9: Giovanni Andrea Cornia: The New Structuralist Macroeconomics and Inequality
10: Gerry Helleiner: Trade, Exchange Rates, and Global Poverty: Policies for the Poorest
11: Bruno Martorano, Giovanni Andrea Cornia, and Frances Stewart: Human Development and Fiscal Policy: Comparing the Crises of 1982-85 and 2008-11
12: Raphael Kaplinsky: Innovation for Pro-Poor Growth: From Redistribution with Growth to Redistribution through Growth
13: Stephany Griffith Jones and José Antonio Ocampo: Helping Control Boom-Bust in Finance through Countercyclical Regulation
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Giovanni Andrea Cornia has been Professor of Economics at the University of Florence since 2000. Previously he was the director of UNU-WIDER and chief-economist of Unicef. He has also held research positions at other UN agencies and the private sector. Since 2010 he has served on the UN Committee for Development Policies, and in 2012 he was elected President of the Italian Development Economists Association. He has co-authored, edited or co-edited 14 books on development and transition economics, including UNICEF's influential study Adjustment with a Human Face (OUP, 1987). He has published 50 articles in scholarly journals and 150 working papers on development macroeconomics, inequality, poverty, political economy, child wellbeing, and human development. His latest book is Falling Inequality in Latin America (OUP, 2014).
Frances Stewart is Emeritus Professor of Development Economics at the University of Oxford. She has an honorary doctorate from the University of Sussex. She was director of Oxford's Department of International Development. She has been President of the UK and Irish Development Studies Association and the Human Development and Capability Association, and Chair of the United Nation's Committee for Development Policy. She received the Mahbub ul Haq award, from the United Nations, for lifetime services to Human Development and the Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of Economic Thought for 2013. Her books include Technology and Underdevelopment (Macmillan, 1976), Planning to Meet Basic Needs (1985), UNICEF's influential study Adjustment with a Human Face (OUP, 1987), War and Underdevelopment (OUP, 2001), and Horizontal Inequalities and Conflict: Understanding Group Violence in Multiethnic Societies (Palgrave, 2008).
Christopher Colclough, University of Cambridge
Giovanni Andrea Cornia, University of Florence
Séverine Deneulin, University of Bath
Stephany Griffith-Jones, Columbia University
Gerry Helleiner, University of Toronto
Ravi Kanbur, Cornell University
Raphael Kaplinsky, Open University
Bruno Martorano, Unicef-IRC
José Antonio Ocampo, Columbia University
Frances Stewart, University of Oxford
John Toye, University of Oxford
Rolph van der Hoeven, ISS, Den Haag
Robert H. Wade, London School of Economics