About this book
Trade liberalisation, as promoted by the World Trade Organization (WTO) has become one of the dominant drivers and most controversial aspects of globalization. Trade sustainability impact assessments (SIAs) were introduced as a means of generating better understanding of the social and environmental impacts of trade liberalisation and of making those impacts more consistent with sustainable development.
This book takes a hard look at the practice of Trade SIAs to date, and the extent to which they have achieved their objectives and improved the outcomes of trade negotiations. It proposes several ways in which Trade SIAs could be made more effective, and illustrates these in respect of controversial sectors such as textiles, services and investment. Finally the book makes proposals beyond SIA through which some of the conflicts between trade liberalization and sustainable development could be more effectively addressed.
Written by top researchers and experts on trade SIAs, the book also provides a particularly useful background for those considering how the environment and trade interrelate at regional level, with some particular insights on climate change and trade policies.
Overview and General Introduction: Old and New Challenges in Trade Talks - Ideas, Issues, Markets, And Policies
Part 1: The Context: Trade, SIAs and Development
1: Trade-Induced Changes in Economic Inequality : Assessment Issues and Policy Implications for Developing Countries
2: Why did 'Development' Entrap the Doha Round?
3: Have Sustainability Impact Assessment of Trade Agreements Delivered on 'Development' Issues: A Reflexive Analysis of the Emergence and Main Contributions of Trade SIAs
Part II:The New Challenges of Trade Liberalisation: Beyond SIA
4: Trade Sias and the New Challenges of Trade Liberalisation
5: Investment: The Context Matters
6: Sustainability Impacts of Liberalising Trade in Services: Assessment Methodologies and Policy Responses
7: The Impacts of Liberalising Trade in Commodities
8: The Potential Role for Collective Preferences in Determining the Rules of the
Part III: Breaking the Impasse: the national policy framework
9: Improving Public Participation in Sustainability Impact Assessments of Trade Agreements
10: Identifying trade victims
11: Trade-Induced Changes in Labour Market Inequalities: Current Findings and Policy Implications
12: The Value of Value Chains: Spreading the Gains from Liberalization
Part IV: International cooperation
13: Collective Preferences and International Compensation
14: Reducing the Impacts of the Production and Trade in Commodities
15: The Trade and Environment Relationships Reconsidered: The Case of Regional Trade and Climate Change
Paul Ekins is Professor of Energy and Environment Policy at King's College London. Tancrede Voituriez is a Research officer at CIRAD and Program Manager 'Global Governance' at IDDRI in Paris, France.