320 pages, 260 illus
This volume presents a unique compendium of papers assessing the effects of volcanism on lakes, as recorded by the volcaniclastic sediments deposited within them. The unifying theme is that the effects of volcanism on lacustrine sedimentation are diverse and distinctive, and that volcaniclastic lacustrine sediments hold the key to understanding a range of processes and events that cannot be readily addressed by the study of any non-volcanic lakes. Thirteen papers, with authors from nine countries, examine both modern and ancient eruption-affected lacustrine deposits. Volcanic eruptions affect lakes and their deposits in many ways, and these papers evaluate processes and products of volcanic eruptions within lakes, of tectonically impounded lakes strongly influenced by volcanism, of eruption-impounded lakes and of general factors controlling sedimentation of vitric ash and pumice. Tephrastratigraphic studies also take advantage of the exceptional preservation of thin laminae in quiet lakes to precisely date episodes in the evolution of long-lived lakes and their catchment areas, and to understand how volcanism affects normal lacustrine processes. The volume as a whole is an unparalleled source of information on all aspects of the physical sedimentary results of volcanism in lacustrine settings, and serves as a complement to other studies concerned primarily with thermal and geochemical characteristics of lakes within volcanic craters.
Preface Introduction: Styles And Significance Of Lacustrine Volcaniclastic Sedimentation J. D. L. White & N. R. Riggs Post-1.8-Ka Marginal Sedimentation In Lake Taupo, New Zealand: Effects Of Wave Energy And Sediment Supply In A Rapidly Rising Lake N. R. Riggs, M. H. Ort, J. D. L. White, C. J. N. Wilson, B. F. Houghton & R. Clarkson Tephra Layers In A Sediment Core From Lake Hestvatn, Southern Iceland: Implications For Evaluating Sedimentation Processes And Environmental Impacts On A Lacustrine System Caused By Tephra Fall Deposits In The Surrounding Watershed J. Hardardottir, A. Geirsdottir & T. Thordarson Late Pleistocene-Holocene Volcanic Stratigraphy And Palaeoenvironments Of The Upper Lerma Basin, Mexico M. Caballero, J. L. Macias, S. Lozano-Garcia, J. Urrutia-Fucugauchi & R. Castenada-Bernal Lithofacies Architecture And Construction Of Volcanoes Erupted In Englacial Lakes: Icefall Nunatak, Mount Murphy, Eastern Marie Byrd Land, Antarctica J. L. Smellie Lacustrine-Fluvial Transitions In A Small Intermontane Valley, Eocene Challis Volcanic Field, Idaho B. A. Palmer & E. P. Shawkey Settling And Deposition Of AD 181 Taupo Pumice In Lacustrine And Associated Environments J. D. L. White, V. Manville, C. J. N. Wilson, B. F. Houghton, N. R. Riggs & M. Ort Volcanic And Hydrothermal Influences On Middle Eocene Lacustrine Sedimentary Deposits, Republic Basin, Northern Washington, USA D. R. Gaylord, S. M. Price & J. D. Suydam Environmental And Tectonic Controls On Preservation Potential Of Distal Fallout Ashes In Fluvio-Lacustrine Settings: The Carboniferous-Permian Saar-Nahe Basin, SW Germany S. Koniger & H. Stollhofen Influence Of Magmatism And Tectonics On Sedimentation In An Extensional Lake Basin: The Upper Devonian Bunga Beds, Boyd Volcanic Complex, Southeastern Australia R. A. F. Cas, C. Edgar, R. L. Allen, S. Bull, B. A. Clifford, G. Giordano & J. V. Wright Eruption And Reshaping Of Pahvant Butte Volcano In Pleistocene Lake Bonneville J. D. L. White Deposition Of Mount Mazama Tephra In A Landslide-Dammed Lake On The Upper Skagit River, Washington, USA J. L. Riedel, P. T. Pringle & R. L. Schuster Eruptive Process, Effects And Deposits Of The 1996 And Ancient Basaltic Phreatomagmatic Eruptions In Karymskoye Lake, Kamchatka, Russia A. Belousov & M. Belousova Sedimentology And History Of Lake Reporoa: An Ephemeral Supra-Ignimbrite Lake, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand V. Manville Index
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