This volume of the 5-volume Water Encyclopedia deals with the big picture of regional water supplies, how they become contaminated, how they can be protected and how they can best serve the surrounding populations and industries. Significant focus is placed upon the natural chemistry of available water supplies and its biological impacts. Case studies from regions around the world offer an excellent picture of the world's water resources.
Preface.Contributors.Water Quality Control.Acid Mine Drainage-Extent and Character.The Control of Algal Populations in Eutrophic Water Bodies.Arsenic Compounds in Water.Arsenic Health Effects.Background Concentration of Pollutants.Waterborne Bacteria.Water Assessment and Criteria.Physiological Biomarkers and the Trondheim Biomonitoring System.Biomarkers, Bioindicators, and the Trondheim Biomonitoring System.Active Biomonitoring (ABM) by Translocation of Bivalve Molluscs.Biochemical Oxygen Demand and Other Organic Pollution Measures.Biodegradation.Bioluminescent Biosensors for Toxicity Testing.Biomanipulation.Genomic Technologies in Biomonitoring.Macrophytes as Biomonitors of Trace Metals.Biosorption of Toxic Metals.Bromide Influence on Trihalomethane and Haloacetic Acid Formation.Activated Carbon: Ion Exchange and Adsorption Properties.Activated Carbon-Powdered.Chlorination.Chlorination By-Products.Classification and Environmental Quality Assessment in Aquatic Environments.Coagulation and Flocculation in Practice.Colloids and Dissolved Organics: Role in Membrane and Depth Filtration.Column Experiments in Saturated Porous Media Studying Contaminant Transport.Cytochrome P450 Monooxygenase as an Indicator of PCB/Dioxin-Like Compounds in Fish.Water Related Diseases.Dishwashing Water Quality Properties.Disinfection By-Product Precursor Removal from Natural Waters.Alternative Disinfection Practices and Future Directions for Disinfection By-Product Minimization.Water Quality Aspects of Dredged Sediment Management.The Economics of Water Quality.Understanding Escherichia Coli O157:H7 and the Need for Rapid Detection in Water.Eutrophication and Organic Loading.Trace Element Contamination in Groundwater of District Hardwar, Uttaranchal, India.Iron Bacteria.Cartridge Filters for Iron Removal.Irrigation Water Quality in Areas Adjoining River Yamuna At Delhi, India.Water Sampling and Laboratory Safety.Municipal Solid Waste Landfills-Water Quality Issues.Land Use Effects on Water Quality.Monitoring Lipophilic Contaminants in the Aquatic Environment using the SPMD-TOX Paradigm.Use of Luminescent Bacteria and the Lux Genes For Determination of Water Quality.Water Quality Management.Water Quality Management and Nonpoint Source Control.Water Quality Management in an Urban Landscape.Water Quality Management in the U.S.: History of Water Regulation.Water Quality Management in a Forested Landscape.Trace Metal Speciation.Metal Ion Humic Colloid Interaction.Heavy Metal Uptake Rates Among Sediment Dwelling Organisms.Methemoglobinemia.Microbial Activities Management.Microbial Dynamics of Biofilms.Microbial Enzyme Assays for Detecting Heavy Metal Toxicity.Microbial Forms in Biofouling Events.Microbiological Quality Control in Distribution Systems.Water Quality Models for Developing Soil Management Practices.Water Quality Modeling-Case Studies.Field Sampling and Monitoring of Contaminants.Water Quality Models: Chemical Principles.Water Quality Models: Mathematical Framework.Environmental Applications with Submitochondrial Particles.Interest in the Use of an Electronic Nose for Field Monitoring of Odors in the Environment.Oil-Field Brine.Oil Pollution.Indicator Organisms.pH.Perchloroethylene (PCE) Removal.A Primer on Water Quality.Overview of Analytical Methods of Water Analyses With Specific Reference to EPA Methods for Priority Pollutant Analysis.Source-Water Protection.Protozoa in Water.Water Quality.Water Quality.Emerging and Recalcitrant Compounds in Groundwater.Road Salt.Review of River Water Quality Modeling Software Tools.River Water Quality Calibration.Salmonella: Monitoring and Detection in Drinking Water.Lysimeter Soil Water Sampling.Regulatory and Security Requirements for Potable Water.A Weight of Evidence Approach to Characterize Sediment Quality Using Laboratory and Field Assays: An Example For Spanish Coasts.Remediation and Bioremediation of Selenium-Contaminated Waters.Shellfish Growing Water Classification.Sorptive Filtration.Quality of Water in Storage.Quality of Water Supplies.The Submitochondrial Particle Assay as a Biological Monitoring Tool.Microscale Test Relationships to Responses to Toxicants in Natural Systems.Toxicity Identification Evaluation.Whole Effluent Toxicity Controls.Development and Application of Sediment Toxicity Tests for Regulatory Purposes.Algal Toxins in Water.Ground Water Quality in Areas Adjoining River Yamuna at Delhi, India.Chlorine Residual.Source Water Quality Management.Dose-Response of Mussels to Chlorine.Metallothioneins as Indicators of Trace Metal Pollution.Amphipod Sediment Toxicity Tests.Ciliated Protists as Test Organisms in Toxicity Assessment.SOFIE: An Optimized Approach for Exposure Tests and Sediment Assays.Passive Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage (Wetlands).Biomarkers and Bioaccumulation: Two Lines of Evidence to Assess Sediment Quality.Lead and its Health Effects.Microbial Detection of Various Pollutants as an Early System for Monitoring of Water Quality and Ecological Integrity of Natural Resources, in Russia.Luminescent Bacterial Biosensors for the Rapid Detection of Toxicants.Development and Application of Sediment.Toxicity Test for Regulatory Purposes.Water Resource Development and Management.Water Resources Challenges in the Arab World.Effluent Water Regulations in Arid Lands.California-Continually the Nation's Leader in Water Use.Lessons from the Rising Caspian.Institutional Aspects of Water Management in China.Will Water Scarcity Limit China's Agricultural Potential?Water and Coastal Resources.Water Use Conservation and Efficiency.Conservation of Water.The Development of American Water Resources: Planners, Politicians, and Constitutional Interpretation.Water Markets: Transaction Costs and Institutional Options.Averting Water Disputes.Water Supply and Water Resources: Distribution System Research.Drought in the Dust Bowl Years.Drought Management Planning.Drought and Water Supply Management.Assessment of Ecological Effects in Water-Limited Environments.Reaching Out: Public Education and Community Involvement in Groundwater Protection.Integration of Environmental Impacts into Water Resources Planning.The Expansion of Federal Water Projects.Flood Control History in the Netherlands.Food and Water in an Emergency.Water Demand Forecasting.Remote Sensing and GIS Application in Water Resources.Globalization of Water.Water Science Glossary of Terms.Harvesting Rainwater.Urban Water Resource and Management in Asia: Ho Chi Minh City.Hydropower-Energy from Moving Water.Water Markets in India: Economic and Institutional Aspects.Water Resources of India.Water Infrastructure and Systems.Overview and Trends in the International Water Market.Best Management Practices for Water Resources.Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM).Management of Water Resources for Drought Conditions.Water Resources Management.NASA Helping to Understand Water Flow in the West.Transboundary Water Conflicts in the Nile Basin.Planning and Managing Water Infrastructure.Application of the Precautionary Principle to Water Science.Water Pricing.Spot Prices, Option Prices, and Water Markets.Water Managed in the Public Trust.Water Recycling and Reuse: The Environmental Benefits.State and Regional Water Supply.River Basin Decisions Support Systems.Water Resource Sustainability: Concepts and Practices.The Provision of Drinking Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries.Sustainable Management of Natural Resources.Sustainable Water Management On Mediterranean Islands: Research and Education.Meeting Water Needs in Developing Countries with Tradable Rights.Water Use in the United States.How We Use Water in These United States.Valuing Water Resources.Water-Here, There, and Everywhere in Canada.Water Conservation-Every Drop Counts in Canada.Ecoregions: A Spatial Framework for Environmental Management.Flood of Portals on Water.Fuzzy Criteria for Water Resources Systems Performance Evaluation.Participatory Multicriteria Flood Management.Water Resources Systems Analysis.Index.
Jay Lehr is Senior Scientist at the Heartland Institute and Senior Scientist at Bennett & Williams, Inc. He has written 14 books and over 500 articles on environmental science. He received the nation's first Ph.D. in Ground Water Science form the university of Arizona in 1962. For 25 years he headed the Association of Ground Water Scientists and Engineers. In addition, Dr. Lehr has experience as an academic researcher in environmental science and helped the federal government develop several levels of environmental regulations, including the areas of surface water and ground water. Jack Keeley is the former Chief of Groundwater Research at the USEPA Kerr Water Resource Research Laboratory in Ada, Oklahoma.