Sewage seeping into creeks, crumbling cabins and disintegrating roads, dilapidated visitor centres, catastrophic wildfires: these are some of the sights awaiting visitors to federal lands today. Federal agencies in charge of the public domain call for more support in the form of taxpayer dollars while constantly seeking to add to their holdings; environmental groups call for increased restrictions on land use and resource development; private citizens call for a return to the good old days of crisply tended, crime-free, and unspoiled national parks. All, it seems, overlook the sad fact that the existing federal estate is in terrible shape, badly maintained and managed, and with no immediate hope for improvement. Will more money, more restrictions, and more regulations address the problems that plague America's public domain? No: Rather, real improvement requires reform of the managing institutions.
Who Is Minding the Federal Estate? is a book intended for any reader with an interest in improving the condition of our public lands. It begins by examining the origins of the federal estate, which, though originally intended to be a temporary clearinghouse, now comprises a third of the U.S. landmass. The book describes the evolution of laws governing that estate and of the public conception of wilderness – once thought to be abundant and in need of taming, now considered to be inviolable and even sacrosanct. In non-technical prose that draws on economic theory and empirical analysis, it systematically investigates patterns of federal land management – and, more to the point, mismanagement. The book closes by offering a set of alternatives that will improve stewardship of the federal estate both by incorporating more private initiatives and by freeing those lands from the grasp of politicians who come and go in favour of a sustainable, long-term management ethic. These alternatives come unshackled by policies that lead to disasters such as the recent and ongoing epidemic of massive fires sweeping the forests of the West.
Chapter 1. History of American Public Lands
Chapter 2. Federal Agencies Lose Money
Chapter 3. Stewardship Problems
Chapter 4. Is No Use Good Use?
Chapter 5. How Much is Enough?
Chapter 6. Understanding Incentives
Chapter 7. Prescriptions for Reform
Holly Lippke Fretwell is a fellow at the Property and Environment Research Center. She is also an adjunct instructor in the department of agricultural economics and economics at Montana State University.
– Choice, January 2010
"If any area of government is in great need of 'change' today, it is public land management. It is failing economically and environmentally. Holly Fretwell offers here a valuable diagnosis of public land problems and a set of possible solutions that should be required reading for the Obama administration."
– Robert H. Nelson, School of Public Policy, University of Maryland