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About this book
About this book
Droughts and their management are a serious challenge to water resource professionals. While droughts predominate in arid regions, their frequency and severity in more temperate regions with more abundant rainfall have been on the rise. "Drought Management and Planning for Water Resources" provides an essential collection of planning and management tools for minimizing the negative impacts of droughts. Comprehensive and up-to-date, it covers water conservation and reuse, conjunctive use and use of marginal resources, desalination, deep groundwater extraction, optimization modeling, and decision support systems. With contributions from a prestigious international panel, the book presents best management practices that maximize efficiency, reliability, and economy while minimizing the potential for adverse effects to the environment and human health. Providing appropriate methodologies, the chapters discuss how conjunctive water use can increase water availability in the developing world and what types of conjunctive use schemes are the most promising. The book examines the feasibility of a drought watch alert system and the legal and administrative framework required. It also explores the application of the Optimization Models and the Decision Support Systems to the study of different water management alternatives under drought conditions. "Drought Management and Planning for Water Resources" delineates how to reduce drought effects through pro-active vision, good management, and conjunctive use of water sources.
WATER MANAGEMENT IN MEDITERRANEAN REGIONS PRONE TO DROUGHT: THE J CAR BASIN EXPERIENCE, J.F. Polo and J. ParedesIntroductionCurrent Spanish Legal FrameworkDroughts in the J.car Basin AgencyIndicators and Watch Alert Systems in the JBAAnalysis of Drought Events in the JBAConclusionAcknowledgmentsReferencesCRITERIA FOR MARGINAL WATER TREATMENT AND REUSE UNDER DROUGHT CONDITIONS, G. Mancini, P. Roccaro, S. Sipala, and F.G.A. VagliasindiIntroductionPotential Applications for Marginal WatersIssues in Marginal Waters UtilizationHealth Protection issuesNitrogen Yield Evaluation: Issues and RecommendationsWastewater Reuse System Monitoring: Issues and RecommendationsGuidelines for the Reuse of Marginal Water for Ground Water RechargeAquifer Characterization: Issues and RecommendationsRecharge Techniques: Issues and RecommendationsHuman Health Protection: Issues and RecommendationsGuidelines for Marginal Water Urban ReuseGuidelines for Marginal Water Industrial ReuseCost Analysis for Marginal Water TreatmentDevelopment of a Web-Based Information System for Wastewater Treatment and ReuseConclusionAcknowledgmentReferencesSTRATEGIES FOR THE CONJUNCTIVE USE OF SURFACE AND GROUNDWATER, A. SahuquilloIntroductionMethods of Conjunctive UseComparison between Artificial Recharge and Alternate UseOther Aspects and PossibilitiesConjunctive Use Potential in Developing CountriesAnalysis of Conjunctive Use SystemsMethods of AnalysisConclusion and RecommendationsReferencesOPTIMIZATION MODEL FOR THE CONJUNCTIVE USE OF CONVENTIONAL AND MARGINAL WATERS, F. Salis, G.M. Sechi, and P. ZuddasIntroductionIdentification of the Optimization AlgorithmThe Optimization Package WARGI: Water Resources SystemOptimization Aided by Graphical InterfaceWARGI Graphical InterfaceResults Applying WARGI to Real CasesConclusionReferencesDECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS FOR DROUGHT MANAGEMENT, D.P. LoucksIntroductionDrought PlanningDrought Decision SupportCase ExamplesNational Drought Management PlanningConclusionReferencesMETHODOLOGY FOR THE ANALYSIS OF DROUGHT MITIGATION MEASURES IN WATER RESOURCE SYSTEMS, J. Andreu and A.S. SoleraIntroductionOperative DroughtTime Scales and the Space Factor in the Analysis of Operative DroughtsAnalysis, Characterization, and Monitoring of Operative DroughtsMethodology of the AnalysisThe Aquatool Environment for the Development of Decision Support SystemsCase StudiesConclusionAcknowledgmentsReferencesDROUGHTS AND THE EUROPEAN WATER FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE: IMPLICATIONS ON SPANISH RIVER BASIN DISTRICTS, T. Estrela, A. Fidalgo, and M.A. P?rezIntroductionDroughts in the WFDDrought Planning Legal Framework in SpainDrought Management ToolsDrought Indicators for the Spanish TerritoryThe J.car River Basin DistrictConclusionReferencesWATER REUSE AND DESALINATION AT COMUNITAT-VALENCIANA REG