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An (EIA) is an assessment of the possible impact-positive or negative - that a proposed project may have on the natural environment. The purpose of the assessment is to ensure that decision makers consider environmental impacts used to decided whether to proceed with the project. The International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA) defines an environmental impact assessment as 'the process of identifying, predicting, evaluating and mitigating the biophysical, social, and other relevant effects of development proposals prior to major decisions being taken and commitments made'. After an EIA, the precautionary and polluter pays principles may be applied to prevent, limit, or require strict liability or insurance coverage to a project, based on its likely harms. Environmental impact assessments are sometimes controversial. The book presents new research in the field.
Preface; Sustainability Assessment of Energy Policies and Technologies (Dalia Streimikiene, Vilnius Univ. Kaunas Faculty of Humanities); Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Methodology Considering Regional Characteristics for Building and Infrastructure System; Life Cycle Engineering Applied to Material Selection; Water Quality Characteristics in the Coastal Waters of Kalpakkam, Southeast Coast of India, Bay of Bengal; An Ad Hoc Procedure for the Environmental Assessment of Ship Grounding at Todos Santos Bay (Baja California, Mexico) Lessons and Perspectives; Environmental Implications of Erosive Rainfall Across the Mediterranean; Effects of Irrigated Agriculture on Hydrological Regime in an Arid Environment; Environmental Friendly Methods for the Extraction and Determination of Organophosphorus and Organochlorine Pesticides; The Utilization of Stable Isotopes in Environmental and Forensic Geochemistry Studies; Partial Order Ranking as a Tool in Environmental Impact Assessment. PAH and PCB Pollution of the River Main as an Illustrative Example; Metals and Sustainable Development; Environmental Impact Assessment Under Risk and Uncertainty; Using Grey Relational Analysis to Improve Grey Model for Assessing Environmental Impact of Different Factors in Sewer System; Assessing the Impact of Environmental Management Systems on Firms' Financial Performance; Method for the Estimation of the Convective Mixing Height Aimed to Atmospheric Local Dispersion Modeling; Early Detection of Baculovirus Expression and Infection in Lepidopteran Larvae Fed Occlusion Bodies of an AcMNPV Recombinant Carrying a Red Fluorescent Protein Gene; Index.