About this book
The European Water Framework Directive forms the basic legislation for the protection of the European aquatic environment. The Groundwater Directive (GD) was adopted in 2006 to supplement the Water Framework Directive (WFD) and to deal with the specific questions of groundwater quality and to ensure good status of groundwater. At the same time, there is still a poor perception of the importance of groundwater by many people involved in civic management and public policy.
Against this background, a consortium of European scientists conducted detailed studies of water quality in Europe, focusing on the natural baseline quality of groundwater as the basis for understanding geochemical processes in aquifers, and providing a framework for defining what constitutes pollution. This text is the result of these important studies, and constitutes a key reference on natural water quality of aquifers. It presents a series of thematic chapters together with chapters on representative groundwater systems in Europe which illustrate the main processes and evolution of water quality.
Foreword1. Groundwater Baseline Quality. W.M. Edmunds and P. Shand 2. The Baseline Inorganic Chemistry of European Groundwaters. P. Shand and W. M. Edmunds3. Organic Quality of Groundwaters. D.C. Gooddy and K. Hinsby4. Geochemical Modelling of Processes Controlling Baseline Compositions of Groundwater. D. Postma, C. Kjoller, M. Sogaard Andersen, M.T. Condesso de Melo and I. Gauss 5. Part 1: Timescales and Tracers. R. Purtschert5. Part 2: Dating Examples in European Reference Aquifers. R. Purtschert, J. Corcho-Alvarado and H.H. Loosli 6. Identifying and Interpreting Baseline Trends. M. Van Camp and K. Walraevens7. Monitoring and Characterisation of Natural Groundwater Quality. M.T. Condesso de Melo, E. Custodio, W.M. Edmunds and H. Loosli8. Natural Groundwater Quality: Policy Considerations and European Opinion. E. Custodio, P. Nieto and M. Manzano9. The Chalk Aquifer of Dorset, UK. W.M. Edmunds and P. Shand10. Groundwater Baseline Composition and Geochemical Controls in the Donana Aquifer System (SW Spain). M. Manzano, E. Custodio, M. Iglesias and E. Lozano11. The Aveiro Quaternary and Cretaceous Aquifers, Portugal. M.T. Condesso de Melo and M.A. Marques da Silva12. The Neogene Aquifer, Flanders, Belgium. M. Coetsiers and K. Walraevens13. The Miocene Aquifer of Valreas, France. F. Huneau and Y. Travi14. The Miocene Sand Aquifers, Jutland, Denmark. K. Hinsby and E. Skovbjerg Rasmussen15. Tracer Based Study of the Badenian Bogucice Sands Aquifer, Poland. S. Witczak, A. Zuber, E. Kmiecik, J. Kania, J. Szczepanska and K. Rozanski16. The Cambrian-Vendian Aquifer, Estonia. R. Vaikmae, E. Kaup, A. Marandi, V. Raidla and L. Vallner17. The Cenomanian and Turonian Aquifers of the Bohemian Cretaceous Basin, Czech Republic. T. Paces, J.A. Corcho Alvarado, Z. Herrmann, V. Kodes, J. Muzak , J. Novak, R. Purtschert, D. Remenarova and J. Valecka18. Quality Status of the Upper Thracian Plio-Quaternary Aquifer, South Bulgaria. M. Machkova, B. Velikov, D. Dimitrov, N. Neykov and P. Neytchev19. The Mean Sea Level Aquifer - Malta and Gozo. J. Mangion and M. Sapiano20. The Natural Inorganic Chemical Quality of Crystalline Bedrock Groundwaters of Norway. B. Frengstad and D. Banks21. Natural Groundwater Quality - Summary and Significance for Water Resources Management. W.M. Edmunds and P. ShandIndex
Mike Edmunds, based at Oxford University, is Research Director of the Oxford Centre for Water Research and formerly research geochemist with the British Geological Survey. He has worked extensively on groundwater quality in UK and overseas and has over 200 scientific publications. Paul Shand is a Landscape Geochemist with CSIRO in Adelaide, Australia and Program Leader for research into environmental applications of regolith science for the Australian Commonwealth Research Council for Landscape Environments and Mineral Exploration Program. He was formerly a Principal Hydrogeochemist with the British Geological Survey and has worked extensively in the UK and abroad on a wide range of hydrogeochemistry and water quality issues.