Presents the most innovative recent methodological developments in phytoremediation research, and outlines a variety of the contexts in which phytoremediation has begun to be applied. A significant portion of this volume is devoted to groundbreaking methods for the production of plants that are able to degrade, take up, or tolerate the effects of pollutants.
Phytoremediation: Methods and Reviews adopts a multidisciplinary approach to the examination of principles and practices of phytoremediation, from molecular manipulation to field application. Parts I and II discuss detailed protocols for achieving several different goals of phytoremediation, including enhancing contaminant degradation, uptake, and tolerance by plants; exploiting plant diversity for phytoremedation; modifying contaminant availability; and experimentally analyzing phytoremediation potential. Parts III and IV examine a variety of progressive techniques for phytoremediation and explore their implementation and success on a global scale.
This book highlights the myriad of contexts in which phytoremediation can be applied, and energizes new research by describing ways in which barriers to success have been recently overcome.
PHYTOREMEDIATION - Methods and Reviews; Table of Contents; I. METHODS: MANIPULATING PHENOTYPES AND EXPLOITING BIODIVERSITY; 1. Genetic Engineering of Plants for Phytoremediation of Polychlorinated Biphenyls; Shigenori Sonoki, Satoru Fujihiro, and Shin Hisamatsu; 2. Increasing Plant Tolerance to Metals in the Environment; Jennifer C. Stearns, Saleh Shah and Bernard R. Glick; 3. Using Quantitative Trait Loci Analysis to Select Plants for Altered Radionuclide Accumulation; Katharine A. Payne, Helen C. Bowen, John P. Hammond, Corrina R. Hampton, Philip J. White and Martin R. Broadley; 4. Detoxification of Soil Phenolic Pollutants by Plant Secretory Enzyme; Guo-Dong Wang and Xiao-Ya Chen; 5. Using RT-PCR to Quantify Gene Expression in Plants Exposed to Radioactivity; Yu-Jin Heinekamp and Neil Willey; 6. Plant Phylogeny and the Remediation of Persistent Organic Pollutants; Jason C. White and Barbara A. Zeeb; 7. Producing Mycorrhizal Inoculum for Phytoremediation; Abdul Khan; 8. Implementing Phytoremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons; Chris Collins; 9. Uptake, Assimilation and Novel Metabolism of NO2 in Plants; Misa Takahashi, Toshiyuki Matsubara, Atsushi Sakamoto and Hiromichi Morikawa; II. METHODS: MANIPULATING CONTAMINANT AVAILABILITY AND DEVELOPING RESEARCH TOOLS; 10. Testing the Manipulation of Soil Availability of Heavy Metals; Fernando Madrid-Diaz and M.B. Kirkham; 11. Testing Amendments for Increasing Soil Availability of Radionuclides; Nick Watt; 12. Using Electrodics to Aid Mobilisation of Lead in Soil; David Butcher; 13. Stable Isotope Methods for Estimating the Labile Metal Content of Soils; Andy Midwood; 14. In Vitro Hairy Root Cultures as a Tool for Phytoremediation Research; Cecilia G. Flocco and Ana M. Giulietti; 15. Sectored Planters for Phytoremediation Studies; Chung-Shih Tang; 16. Phytoremediation With Living Aquatic Plants: Development and Modeling of Experimental Observations; Steve Sternberg; 17. Near Infra-Red Spectroscopy: Methodology and Potential for Predicting Trace Elements in Plants; Rafael Font, Mercedes del Rio-Celestino and Antonio de Haro-Bailon; III. REVIEWS: CURRENT RESEARCH TOPICS IN PHYTOREMEDIATION; 18. Using Hydroponic Bioreactors to Assess Phytoremediation Potential for Perchlorate; Valentine Nzengung; 19. Using Plant Phylogeny to Predict Plant Detoxification of Triazine Herbicides; Sylvie Marcacci and Jean-Paul Schwitzguebel; 20. Exploiting Plant Metabolism for Phytoremediation of Organic Xenobiotics; Peter Schroder; 21. Searching for Genes Involved In Metal Tolerance, Uptake and Transport Piia V.H. Hassinen, Arja I. Tervahauta and Sirpa O. Karenlampi,. 22. Manipulating Soil Metal Availability Using EDTA and Low Molecular Weight Organic Acids; Longhua Wu, Yongming Luo and Jing Song; 23. Soils Contaminated With Radionuclides - Some Insights for Phytoextraction of Inorganics; Neil Willey; 24. Assessing Plants for Phytoremediation of Arsenic Contaminated Soils; Nandita Singh and Lena Q Ma; Part IV. REVIEWS: CONTEXTS AND UTILISATION OF PHYTOREMEDIATION; 25. Phytoremediation in China -1. Inorganics; Shirong Tang; 26. Phytoremediation in China - 2. Organics; Shirong Tang and Cehui Mo,; 27. Phytoremediation of As Contaminated Soil in China; Chen Tong-Bin, Liao Xiao-Yong, Huang Ze-Chun, Lei Mei, Li Wen-Xue, Mo Liang-Yu, An Zhi-Zhuang, Wei Chao-Yang, Xiao Xi-Yuan, Xie Hua; 28. Phytoremediation in Portugal - Present and Future; Cristina Nabais, Susana C. Goncalves and Helena Freitas; 29. Phytoremediation in Russia; Yelena V. Lyubun and Dmitry N. Tychinin; 30. Phytoremediation in India; MNV Prasad,; 31. Phytoremediation in New Zealand/Australia; Brett Robinson and Chris Anderson.